The contributions collected in the present book go beyond refugee law in its traditional sense - largely centred on questions of durable asylum and the plight of only a small tranche of the asylum-seeking population - in situating refugee law within the broader international legal system. The refugee problem is thus seen as a prism through which a host of exploding issues confront traditional international law and international relations: creation and dissolution of states, state responsibility, human rights, international jurisdiction and the United Nations mandate. These theoretical problems and their legal incidence on the refugee condition are debated against the background of UNHCR field operations in Former Yugoslavia, Africa and Eastern Europe. The contributions were originally presented at a Colloquium held in May 1994, organised by the Graduate Institute of International Studies in collaboration with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Refugee law experts, members of the UN International Law Commission and practitioners were brought together in a dialogue between scholars and practitioners on a major and exponentially growing international problem.
The present edition of the
Human Rights in Development Yearbook is the thirteenth edition in this series. With this volume, the yearbook’s formal structure has shifted from that of a journal to a thematic anthology.
The theme of this year’s volume is
“Reparations: Redressing Past Wrongs”. The articles contained in the publication primarily stem from contributions prepared for a conference entitled “The Right to Compensation and Related Remedies for Racial Discrimination” that was hosted by the Danish Centre for Human Rights in April 2001. The conference was organised in anticipation of the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, which was held in Durban in September 2001. The publication consists of 15 articles divided into four main parts addressing the subjects of
“Reparations at the National and Regional Levels”, “Precedence and Standing of International Law”, “The Moral and Social Aspects of Reparation” and
Human Rights in Development is the result of a joint research project born out of longstanding co-operation between the following research institutes and centres for human rights: the Christian Michelsen Institute, Bergen; the Danish Centre for Human Rights, Copenhagen; the Icelandic Human Rights Centre, Reykjavik; the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Vienna; the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montreal; the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights, Utrecht; the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo; the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund and Åbo Academy University, Åbo.
Human rights are the only universally recognized system of contemporary values which, during the last 50 years, has been gradually developed and defined by all States in a comprehensive international legal framework. The international human rights regime is closely related to international peace and security, development and a global trend towards pluralist democracy, good governance and the rule of law.
International humanitarian and criminal law can today be considered as specific aspects of international human rights law, which after the end of the Cold War has become increasingly complex and difficult to oversee. The present textbook attempts to provide a first and at the same time comprehensive introduction to the idea and significance of human rights, its philosophical and theoretical foundations, historical development, the main structures and procedures of international human rights protection by the United Nations and regional organizations (Council of Europe, Organization of American States, African Union, OSCE and others), and modern trends, such as preventive mechanisms, international criminal law, human rights as essential elements of peace-keeping and peace-building operations, humanitarian intervention or the relationship between human rights and terrorism. The book perceives human rights as an inter-disciplinary topic and illustrates the theory of human rights with a considerable number of practical case-studies, graphics, statistics, procedural charts and textboxes. It serves as a textbook for students of law, political science, international relations and other academic fields related to human rights, but may as well be used as a first introduction for those working in the field, for NGO activists, legal practitioners and others interested in the fascinating world of universal human rights.
This book presents the view that human dignity and human rights need to be brought to the centre of the current debate on globalisation. Indeed, whereas human dignity is the core and the foundation of human rights, it is through the implementation of rights that dignity is protected.
The contributors to this volume belong to different (inter)national networks in the field of human rights. All were present at the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre and all are committed to the implementation of economic, social and cultural rights. Their contributions capture the dynamism and richness of the dialogues. Fundamental and operational issues are taken up, global alternatives and practical recommendations are presented.
Co-publication with Intersentia and the Asser Press
Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
Human rights law protects the rights and freedoms of individuals and groups within societies. Police officials are uniquely placed to ensure respect for, and secure protection of, those rights and freedoms. Those who exercise power on behalf of the people they serve need to be aware of the human rights standards they are required to meet, and the best practice in their fields of activity. The texts identified as essential for the police in this publication serve as a valuable aid to meeting both of these needs. The present compilation of international human rights instruments is a significant addition to the small, but increasing, number of publications on human rights and policing.
Essential Texts on Human Rights for the Police is divided into three parts, each one with an introduction outlining the scope and contents of the instruments. Part I includes the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and universal treaties, Part II regional treaties, and Part III non-treaty instruments. In all, 24 international instruments are reproduced.
The present publication is intended to be used in human rights education and training programmes for police and other officials exercising police powers. It can be used by teachers and resource persons as a principal source of reference for such programmes or as a supplement to teaching manuals. It can also serve as a source of reference and guidance to operational police officials and to anyone wishing to be aware of the standards to which police should adhere.
Essential Texts on Human Rights for the Police is published in cooperation with the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex, and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law.
This book was originally researched by the author for the Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group. The aim was to analyse the Palestinian High Court's judgments ordering the Palestinian Authority to release Palestinian political prisoners whose penal procedural rights - together with the High Court's judgments - have been disregarded by the Palestinian Authority since 1996.
With a view to providing practical recommendations to all parties responsible, the book includes the following features: - an introduction to the political and legal contexts and an independent summary analysing the findings of the research; - tables presenting all High Court cases dealing with Palestinian political prisoners detained in the Palestinian Territories handed down between 30 November 1997 and 13 June 2000; - 17 translations and analyses of pleadings to and judgments of the High Court; - transcripts of interviews with High Court judges and lawyers; - summaries and translations of applicable penal procedural law in force in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank; - a full new translation of the Draft Palestinian Judicial Authority Law; - presentation and analysis of provisions of the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Agreements relating to criminal and security jurisdiction in the Palestinian Territories.
The founders of the Red Cross/ Red Crescent Movement proceeded from their involvement in specific experience to develop a series of Fundamental Principles. In
Health and Humanitarian Concerns:Principles and Ethics, Dr. Henryk Leszek Zielinski proceeds from experience to Fundamental Principles and back again, providing health professionals with clear guidance for confronting specific problems - including natural disasters, forced feeding, torture, biomedical research and HIV and AIDS discrimination - while simultaneously presenting these medical and social dilemmas in the context of the broader humanitarian principles which underlie the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
Upon reading Dr. Zielinski's book, health professionals will either change their approach to complex humanitarian solutions by following Dr. Zielinski's systematic approach, or they will maintain the same course of action but with a deeper understanding and a firmer commitment to the spirit and the letter of the Movement. In either case, Dr. Zielinski's book is an invaluable guide for all who seek to make a personal contribution to the relief of suffering in the modern world.
This edition of the
Yearbook on Human Rights in Developing Countries contains contributions on the role of the right to development in the development assistance policies of Norway and of the European Union. These thematic studies will help to provide a better perspective on the place of the right to development, a human right which was recognised by the General Assembly of the United Nations back in 1986. The Yearbook also contains seven country reports, which assess human rights trends in countries in the South, covering civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights during the period 1993-1995. The reports follow a common structure to allow for comparisons among countries.
The present volume contains reports on Bhutan, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, India, Mexico and Uganda.
Yearbook on Human Rights in Developing Countries is a joint project of the Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen; the Danish Centre of Human Rights, Copenhagen; the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo; the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund; the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM), Vienna; and the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM), Utrecht.
The International IDEA Handbook on Democracy Assessment is a robust and sensitive guide to assessing the quality of democracy and human rights in any country around the world. The
Handbook introduces an easy-to-use and universal methodology for assessing the condition of democracy in any country, or its progress in democratisation, that has been developed in a three-year action programme at IDEA, the inter-governmental Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance in Sweden.
Handbook provides a means to measure systematically the full range of values, institutions and issues relating to modern democracy that is sensitive to the underlying principles and democracy and the differences between democracies themselves. It is therefore both universal in application and capable of responding to particular aspects of any one nation's democratic arrangements. The animating principle of the
Handbook is that only citizens of a nation themselves are qualified to assess the quality of their own democratic arrangements. Thus, it provides a self-help guide, which gives academics, lawyers, political practitioners, journalists and interested citizens the tools to assess the state of their democracy, or any key aspects of their democracy.
Handbook is above all a practical working document that draws on the actual experience of assessing democracy in different countries, comparative knowledge and research, and democratic principles and practice. It gives a
step-by-step guide to the purposes and methods of democracy assessment; who to involve; how to use the research tools; how to validate the findings; what standards of practice to adopt; and how to present and publicise a finished assessment. It contains extracts from completed assessments, guidance on the use of qualitative and quantitative data, examples of codes of democratic practice and international and regional standards, and a vast list of accessible data sources.
The methodology was created by a team of political scientists assembled from all regions of the world by International IDEA and has been tried and tested in a variety of countries, including Bangladesh, El Salvador, Italy, Kenya, Malawi, New Zealand, Peru, South Korea and the United Kingdom. International organisations like the World Bank and UNECA are adapting it for in-country use. The four main authors and editors have been directly involved from the inception of the project - in developing and refining the methodology and participating in and advising on the nine country studies that form the essential practical core of experience on which this invaluable
Handbook is based.
Since the early 1960s an essential ingredient of Sweden's international development aid has been focused on democracy and human rights issues and Sweden has been refining its policy continuously within this area. Today this policy has reached a certain degree of sophistication and therefore a natural focal point is on the development of the
rule of law in various recipient countries. When and why was it introduced in Swedish development assistance? What does it actually entail? These and other issues related to assistance within the legal sector are discussed in this anthology written by university professors, researchers and lecturers from various law faculties and institutions in Sweden familiar with the developmental work which is channelled through the Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (SIDA). It encapsulates both actual conditions and ideas outlining future perspectives.