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Economy, Education, Environment, Law, Population and Labor, and Society

The Chinese Research Perspectives Online includes English translations of contributions selected from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Yearbooks. The Chinese-language CASS Yearbooks, published by Social Sciences Academic Press, are edited principally by leading researchers from CASS and other top research institutions and universities in China. The Yearbooks include up-to-date information, data and discussions of China’s top scholars on contemporary issues in their country. The English-language Chinese Research Perspectives Online covers six subject areas*: Economy, Education, the Environment, Legal Development, Population and Labor, and Society. Each subject area has an international editorial board to review and select contributions that provide English readers with firsthand information and insights produced by Chinese scholars. The selected contributions are translated into English and included in this Chinese Research Perspectives Online, which provides interested students, scholars and policy makers with rich source materials on the current developments and trends of a wide range of social aspects in China.

*Among the six subject areas, Economy and Legal Development were terminated since 2012. The other four subject areas continue to have annual updates in this online product.

China Encyclopedic Reference offers information on scores of names and places found in Chinese texts. It is therefore the natural complement to the lexical information found in Brill’s dictionaries Le Grand Ricci online and A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Early Medieval Chinese. Besides the overview found in Brill’s widely-acclaimed Encyclopedia of China covering the whole of China from past to present, China Encyclopedic Reference offers background to names found in early, classical and medieval Chinese texts.

The first full-text searchable reference works, now conveniently together in one online service, are
- Brill's Encyclopedia of China, covering the history and culture of China past and present;
- A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods (221 BC–AD 24), by M. Loewe;
- A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD), by R. de Crespigny;
- Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature, A Research Guide, Volume One, by D. Knechtges and T. Chang.

More encyclopedic reference works will be added on a yearly basis. China Encyclopedic Reference is part of Brill Online Chinese Reference Shelf.
To be added in 2016:
- Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature, A Research Guide, Volume Two, by D. Knechtges and T. Chang.
Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is based on the originally a thousand-page reference work on China with a clear focus on the modern period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 21st century. Written by the world’s top scholars, Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online is the first place to look for reliable information on the history, geography, society, economy, politics, science, and culture of China. Originally published and warmly received in German (edited by the GIGA Institute of Asian Studies in Hamburg, published by WBG, Darmstadt, 2003), Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online will serve both English-language students and faculty in conveniently providing a wealth of reliable and solid information on China.
Brill’s Encyclopedia of China Online was also published in print (ISBN 978-90-04-16863-3, Out of print).

Features and Benefits:
- Approx. 450 in-depth articles and approx. 850,000 words
- More than 100 black and white and full color illustrations, full color maps, and tables
- Bibliographies for further reading accompanying each article
- Extensive glossary of Chinese personal names
- Extensive indices
The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions in which they have been investigated.

In more than 500 articles, written by major specialists in the field, the Encyclopedia offers a synthesis of the most important research in Chinese linguistics and up-to-date bibliographical coverage. As such it is the prime reference source for information on:

• the lexicon, syntax, and sound structure of the Sinitic and non-Sinitic languages of China, including sign languages
• the history of languages in China and their situation today
• the history of Chinese linguistics, both indigenous and Western traditions
• the sociolinguistic situation, language contact, and language variation
• psycho- and neurolinguistic studies on Chinese, including first language acquisition
• and many other aspects of Chinese and Chinese linguistics (e.g., Chinese in the diaspora, Chinese loanwords in other languages, history of lexicography, language pedagogy, etc.).

"For linguists working on Sinitic languages, the ECLL will be a useful supplement to the Routledge Encyclopedia of the Chinese Language (Chan 2016), though they no doubt cover some of the same ground. While that work focused on Sinitic, the scope of the ECLL is broader, covering the larger language ecology of China (broadly defined within the ECLL to include Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Tibet). This means that the ECLL is also extremely useful to Southeast Asian linguists and goes a long way toward bridging the gap that often exists between linguistic research in the geographic regions of Southeast Asia and China." - Rikker Dockum (Yale University) in: Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, 2018. Also available in print.
Edited by Coalter Lathrop.

The ultimate guide to international maritime boundaries provides up-to-date, regionally-organized content. Complete with hyperlinked maps and keyword search functionality, features include:

- Systematic, expert analysis of all international maritime boundaries, joint development zones and unitization agreements worldwide;
- Comprehensive coverage of every modern maritime boundary treaty concluded from 1942 to present;
- Analysis of maritime boundaries established by decision of the International Court of Justice, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, and ad hoc tribunals;
- Detailed maps depicting individual boundaries in their geographic context;
- Annually updated, detailed, hyperlinked regional maps accompany reports examining the status of maritime boundary delimitation in eleven regions of the world;
- Expert essays on the development of maritime boundary theory and practice; and
- A hyperlinked country-by-country index for enhanced access to reports and treaties.

International Maritime Boundaries Online is an unmatched comprehensive reference for international state practice concerning maritime boundary delimitation, and is used and referenced widely by practitioners and scholars of international law.

International Maritime Boundaries is also available in print.

A User Guide is available here.
International Maritime Boundaries is a co-publication with the American Society of International Law.
Editor: Suad Joseph
A special feature of this six volume work is the first volume, devoted to an in-depth overview of all available research resources - an indispensable point of departure for scholars moving into gender studies and the Islamic world.

The Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures is also available online. For more information see Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online.
Editor: Graeme Dunphy
The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History offers 400 years of early modern history in one work. Experts from all over the world have joined in a presentation of the scholarship on the great era between the mid-15th to the mid-19th centuries. The perspective is European. That does not mean, however, that the view on the rest of the world is blocked. On the contrary: the multifaceted interrelatedness of European and other cultures is scrutinized extensively.

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History addresses major historical questions:
- which ideas, inventions, and events changed people’s lives?
- in which ways did living conditions change?
- how do political, social, and economic developments interlock?
- which major cultural currents have begun to become apparent?
- how did historical interpretation of certain phenomena change?
The individual articles are connected to one another as in a web of red threads. The reader who follows the threads will keep coming upon new
and unexpected contexts and links.