This article analyses the cultural criteria of « time » and « space » as involving in the « rituel de passage » and the way they control its outcome. We focuse on two biblical passages, Numbers xi and 1 Samuel x, which both describe the accession of the individual to a new function and the anomalies related to this change of personnality. Reading in those texts the description of a « rituel de passgae » we interpret the mention of « prophecy » as representing the « ritual mark » through which the novice accomplishes his « rebrith ».
Francis Schmidt's works in various fields of religious studies (mainly ancient Judaism), can be characterized by three words: historiography, anthropological history, and comparatism. In that respect he placed himself in the continuation of previous French scholars, such as Maurice Halbwachs or Pierre Vidal-Naquet. Francis Schmidt also played an essential role in transmitting to a new generation of scholars the complex issues and debates concerning the Dead Sea scrolls and Qumranic research.
The papers offered in this volume share all the same interest in ancient religions and the methodological devices previously mentioned. They offer a rare example of a large comparatism between Assyrian, Greek, Roman, Jewish, and Christian approaches of some essential social or intellectual issues, by some of the most competent specialists in each field.