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著者: Carlos Montemayor
Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time offers a theoretical account of the most fundamental kinds of time representation, drawing on philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and biology. Recent experimental findings on creatures from bees to scrub-jays to human beings have demonstrated the complex – and astoundingly reliable – functioning of biological clocks. These clocks, Carlos Montemayor argues, make possible representations of duration that are then anchored to representations of simultaneity, and they do so independently of conscious information or representations of the self. Montemayor offers an innovative philosophical explanation of how representations of duration and simultaneity relate to the consciously experienced present moment.

No theory has integrated the research on representations of simultaneity and duration. Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time provides such a theory, showing that the metric constraints on time measurements are not dependent on phenomenal consciousness.
in KronoScope
著者: Carlos Montemayor

Abstract

This paper presents a philosophical and scientifically informed assessment of the continuity of time. It provides experimental evidence for the continuity of psychological time and evaluates the view that physical and psychological time may be continuous. It then offers a potential problem for the continuity of physical time, which adds plausibility to the possibility that only psychological time is continuous. The main contributions of the paper are that it provides an adequate and up to date interpretation of traditional philosophical views concerning the continuity of time, and that it argues for a reliabilist account of the epistemology of the mathematical continuum.

in KronoScope
in Time and Trace: Multidisciplinary Investigations of Temporality
in Time: Limits and Constraints
著者: Carlos Montemayor

Naturalistic approaches to legal philosophy focus on the possible reduction or elimination of normatively relevant properties in such a way that scientific evidence features centrally in their explanation. In particular, evidence features centrally in their explanation. In particular, evidence from behavioral economics, neuroscience and psychology is increasingly relevant for the project of understanding the scientific constraints and nature of legally regulated behavior. This paper takes a unique approach to this naturalistic project by focusing on the requirements for the cognitive integration of information that scientific evidence imposes on agency. Unlike other accounts, therefore, the cognitive integration approach focuses on an essential aspect of intentional action (i.e., the integration of information to act intentionally) without making assumptions about properties and their reducibility or irreducibility. More specifically, the paper argues that cognitive integration for action varies for different types of action, with important normative consequences. An original contribution of the paper is that it explains cognitive integration in individual and collective agents, with illustrations in different areas of the law.

in Law and the Philosophy of Action
in Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time
in Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time