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Non-Governmental Armed Forces in Southwest Asia, North Africa and beyond
The violent conflicts of recent decades in Southwest Asia, North Africa and adjacent regions are often read in terms of the conventional parameters of an international order of sovereign nation states. However, in recent years, non-governmental armed forces have emerged to play an increasingly significant role in the political, social and military fields of the region. These forces are usually analyzed as isolated actors, operating in their respective local or regional spheres, without attention to wider structural commonalities. The aim of this volume is to examine these groups not only as military actors, but also as forces of social significance, indicative of substantial historical shifts relating to notions of sovereignty, beyond the usual prioritization of the state. Comparing the nature, operation and discourses of such forces allows for new understandings of their social impact, beyond common reductionist approaches of securitized worldviews and essentializing lines of inquiry centered on religion.
Humanitarian Islam is an innovative concept that has begun emerging from the traditions of Islam in Indonesia in recent years. The most important contemporary Islamic organizations in Indonesia support it. Nevertheless, it seems to be unknown beyond the Southeast Asian context, despite its global potential, aspirations and claims. Moreover, the concept has not received any academic attention so far. This volume presents reflections on the idea of Humanitarian Islam by Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from Europe and beyond.
This volume presents different approaches to the concept of religion. Religion in modern societies is undergoing accelerated change. Traditional religious forms are dissolving and being overlaid with or replaced by new ones. This poses particular challenges for analyses of the current religious situation, which already presuppose an understanding of religion. But it is precisely this that is disputed in academic discourse about it. Against the background of this complex situation, this volume turns to the transformations of religion. It brings together inter- and transdisciplinary approaches to religion and its definition. In this way, it takes into account the fact that the transformations of religion can only be grasped by incorporating diverse methodological approaches.
Interreligiöse Gespräche im Umfeld moderner Gottesfragen im Anschluss an Hermann Stieglecker
Blick ins Buch
Hermann Stieglecker war ein österreichischer Gelehrter für Bibelstudien und Orientalistik. Er gilt als Pionier des interreligiösen Dialogs noch vor dem Zweiten Vatikanischen Konzil, insbesondere für das christlich-muslimische Verhältnis. Dieser Band bietet eine Auswahl einiger seiner Schriften zu Themen der Monotheismen sowie zum Panentheismus und dem Pragmatismus in Asien.
Diese werden ergänzt von einer intellektuellen Biographie Stiegleckers und von Kommentaren zur aktuellen Forschung. Das Buch erscheint zeitgleich zur Neuedition des Standardwerkes Hermann Stiegleckers Die Glaubenslehren des Islam: Seine Überzeugung, dass Verständigung zwischen den Religionen möglich sei, wird in den gegenwartsbezogenen Beiträgen dieses Bandes aufgegriffen. Er ist aus einer Konferenz zur Theologie der Religionen im Dialog hervorgegangen, die vom Forum für Weltreligionen und dem Institut für Orientalistik der Universität Wien organisiert wurde.