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  • Author or Editor: Ela Filippone x
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The paper deals with the lexical set of cognate words to which Kurdish bažn, Persian bašn (generally recorded as ‘stature’) belong. These words are attested in Middle and Modern Western Iranian and are dialectologically connoted, being nowadays mostly found in Central dialects, Kurdish, Gorani and Zazaki areas. By reviewing lexicographical and textual sources, the author picks out the semantic peculiarities of the bašn-forms. Starting from the notion of HEIGHT and through metaphorical associations and shift of reference, bašn-forms have acquired different senses mostly involving the book-body domain (‘body’, ‘waist’ etc.) but with extensions to other domains. They have also undergone grammaticalization processes. As far as Western Middle Iranian is concerned, all the occurrences of Pahlavi bašn, Manichaean Parthian bašnān and Middle Persian bašnāy have been listed and discussed.

In: Studies on Iran and The Caucasus
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On the meaning of Ved. (dual) kukṣí, a denomination for pair body parts frequently equated to bodies of water in Vedic texts, different assumptions have been made by scholars. In particular, Stephanie Jamison suggested interpreting it as “the two cheeks”, Henk Bodewitz as “the two sides of the body”. The present paper supports Bodewitz’ claim that Ved. kukṣí- was used to refer to any of the sides of the abdomen. In fact, abdominal sides may be categorised as containers of liquids. This is also proved by the denominations for the abdominal side (as distinct from the thoracic side) recorded in some Iranian languages, which may be considered as part of the legacy of the ancient theory of humours and the microcosm-macrocosm theory.

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In: Iran and the Caucasus