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in The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online

Era 1: Cultural transgressions of a proscribed religion (1st–3rd centuries) around 30 CE Jesus begins his public life After a short period of activity, the Jewish preacher and healer is executed. After his death, a belief appears in his resurrection from the dead. around 30–70 ‘Apostles’ The first generation of Jesus's disciples is in confrontation over whether Jesus's message is to be only intra-Judaic or to be spread to other peoples as well. Paul's epistolary literature appears (later a part of the New Testament). 1st cent. CE Mission extension in the Mediterranean Area Christian communities appear in Palestine, western Syria, Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome, probably also in Egypt (Alexandria) and in eastern Syria (Edessa). around 70–100 Separation from Judaism Gospels (reports of Jesus's activity), a history of the apostles, and the Johannine apocalypse, the first important Christian literature, reflect the separation of Christian communities from Judaism and the conflict with the Roman Empire. In the Roman Empire, membership in Christianity becomes punishable by law.

in The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online