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  • Author or Editor: Georg Wiessala x
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Georg Wiessala

Abstract

This chapter offers seven perspectives, and a conclusion, on what is, arguably, the ‘thorniest’ issue in contemporary EU-China relations: the human rights question. The study examines a number of fundamental ambiguities in Sino-European relations, and points to the legacies of past civilisational encounters, in as far as they continue to have an impact on current EU-China interaction (‘dualities’, ‘encounters’). The chapter then briefly discusses how the EU-China dialogue can be conceptualised from the point of view of international relations theory and discourse in China and Europe (‘embeddings’, ‘discourses’). The essay proceeds to an analysis of the role of ideas, identity-politics and perceptions in EU-China human rights discussions and examines how EU China foreign policy can be understood to be constructed around some key elements and frameworks (‘identities’, ‘pathways’). The chapter closes by emphasising the roles of intellectual exchange and knowledge-based co-operation and by offering a brief closing assessment of the likely future course of EU-China debates over human rights (‘connectivities’, ‘appraisals’).

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Georg Wiessala

Abstract

This section offers a critical overview of the position, and meaning, of human rights in the context of EU-Asia relations. The chapter adopts a social-constructivist perspective on the European Union's human rights promotion activities across Asia, emphasising the role of values and identities, norms and educational interaction in EU-Asia foreign policy interaction and implementation. The author argues that the majority of EU-Asia debates on the issue of human rights shows evidence of both the enabling and the inhibitory potential of the issue for East-West dialogue. This is borne out in the short case studies in this chapter, which evaluate the EU’s Asia Policies towards Burma (Myanmar), the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of Indonesia, in terms of the potential and the challenges reflected in their human rights content. The chapter closes with a call for a more coherent, lateral and holistic integration of human rights issues into EU-Asia relations.

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Georg Wiessala

Abstract

Staying with the themes of people-to-people contact and educational exchange, the last chapter in this collection argues that there is an important, two-fold, learning-dimension in EU-Asia relations: partners in East and West learn both from, and with one another. Against this background, this chapter offers an exploration of the roles of learning and exchange, and of cultural and academic interaction, within wider EU-Asia cooperation. The author examines, in particular, the relevant EU strategies in regard to Higher Education, and their potential for the formulation and implementation of EU foreign policies towards Asia. This section also critically assesses the educational content, and practical relevance, of many of the Union’s Asia Strategies, in term of academic EU-Asia collaboration and research. It further examines issues such as cultural presence, entrenched stereotypes and dissemination of values in the EU-Asia relationship. The chapter includes a number of shorter case studies, which focus on the dynamic, inter-disciplinary and expanding, subject-area of European Studies in Asia.

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Peter Anderson and Georg Wiessala

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Pradeep Taneja, Georg Wiessala and John Wilson