In the second chapter, images of places in China which were the most visited by travelers will be analyzed. Because the materialities of travel are very important, it is necessary to scrutinize some specific locations. The immense territory of the Middle Kingdom with its regional differences suggest that it is important to pay attention to which parts of the country were visited by travelers, when were those parts visited, and which route(s) were followed.
In the third and final chapter, the results of the research are summarized in order to provide a general overview of different representations of China. Chapter 3 uses material gathered in previous chapters, but here the perspective changes from specific to general. The first part of Chapter 3 concentrates on the most common and significant features and sights, e.g. clothes and appearance, settlements, streets, houses, rickshaws, temples and art, theater and music, language and writing, agriculture, tombs and funerary habits, food and culinary customs, dirt and smells. The second part discusses general views on China as formulated by travelers: encounters between civilizations; history, tradition and modernity; national character; China as a land of turmoil; China as a land of otherness.
The first chapter focuses on the identities of travelers and the historical contexts of their travels. The corpus contains texts written in different periods by various people, each of whom experienced China in a unique way. By analyzing who they were, when and how they traveled to China, as well as the purpose of their writing, a basis for further analysis is created. Circumstances of a journey, a traveler’s habitus, and the role in which he or she is traveling, the point of view from which the narrative is written, and the projected readers — all these factors are crucial for understanding travelogues and the images of China within them. Because of this, the first step in this investigation is to introduce the main protagonists, Polish and Serbian travelers.