Rapid economic growth in China has been accompanied by ever-increasing consumption, waste, and ecological destruction. Green GDP accounting is an important component of green accounting. It includes both resource depletion costs (affecting resources such as soil, minerals, water, forests, grasslands, and fisheries) and costs arising from environmental degradation (costs produced by environmental pollution and ecological damage) to determine the impact of economic development on the environment. Green GDP accounting guarantees sustainable development by emphasizing the integration of various economic, environmental, and social considerations, and the data that measure them. The process used to create the Green GDP Report involves diverse fields of study and research such as economics, statistics, accounting, resource management, ecology, and environmentalism. Green GDP accounting captures short-term trends as well as long-term processes provides a multifaceted, quantitative description of economic, societal and environmental development in a certain period.
The total Chinese population was 1.2658 billion in the Fifth Census in 2000. Since the ?reform and open door? initiative began in 1978, the proportion of the total Chinese population Chinese living in urban areas was just 17.92%. Factors including the integration of the rural labor force due to industrialization and urbanization as well as the control of population growth due to family planning not only result in a yearly decrease in the proportion of the rural population, but also bring about a decrease in the rural population. The population birth sex ratio refers to the quantity of corresponding male babies for every 100 newborn female babies. The birth sex ratio of China has risen rapidly since the mid-1980s, in accordance with the strict execution of the family planning policy.