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Christianity in Northern Malaŵi

Donald Fraser's Missionary Methods and Ngoni Culture

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T. Jack Thompson

Christianity in Northern Malawi deals with the interaction of the missionary methods of the Scottish missionary Donald Fraser and the traditional culture of the Ngoni people of northern Malawi in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
It looks at Ngoni origins and culture prior to first contacts with the missionaries, at the early life and ideas of Fraser, and at Fraser's disagreements with some of his Scottish colleagues. There are also sections on Ngoni interactions with the early colonial government, and the development of a genuinely Ngoni Church.
The book uses primary and oral sources, some of which were not previously available.

Visies op cultuur en literatuur

Opstellen naar aanleiding van het werk van J.J.A. Mooij

Edited by Rien T. Segers

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Edited by T. Otto and A. Borsboom

Developed from papers presented at the first European Colloquium on Pacific Studies this volume addresses the dynamics of contemporary Oceanic religions. In particular, the contributors investigate how indigenous populations have come to terms with the enormous impact of colonization and missionization while maintaining a distinct cultural and religious identity.

Vernunft - Entwicklung - Leben

Schlüsselbegriffe der Moderne. Festschrift für Wolfgang Eßbach

Edited by Ulrich Bröckling, Stefan Kaufmann and Axel T. Paul

Vernunft, Entwicklung, Leben sind Schlüsselbegriffe einer Moderne, die in der Aufklärung des 18. Jahrhunderts einen ersten Höhepunkt erreicht; einer Moderne, welche die sozialen Spannungen des 19. Jahrhunderts mit dem Verweis auf die Besserstellung aller wenn schon nicht zu lösen, so doch zu mildern vermag; einer Moderne schließlich, welche im 20. Jahrhundert die Frage nach der conditio humana zunächst auf den Gebieten der Technik und der Kunst, dann aber auch auf dem der Biologie neu stellt. Vernunft, Entwicklung, Leben ist auch ein programmatischer Aufsatz Wolfgang Eßbachs überschrieben, der den ihm zum 60. Geburtstag gewidmeten Band eröffnet. Mit Beiträgen von Ulrich Bröckling, Wolfgang Eßbach, Joachim Fischer, Susanne Fohler, Susanne Frank, Alois Hahn, Frank Illing, Stefan Kaufmann, Thomas Keller, Thanos Lipowatz, Wolfram Lutterer, Michael Makropoulos, Axel T. Paul, Karl-Siegbert Rehberg, Willem van Reijen, Dominik Schrage, Hermann Schwengel, Dierk Spreen, Bernhard Waldenfels, Dietmar Wetzel

Edited by Hans T. Sternudd and Angela Tumini

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Edited by Geoffrey T. Harris

André Malraux’s output, spanning some 55 years, ranges from novels to philosophical essays, studies on the plastic arts and memorialist essays. The present volume is significantly innovative in that it sets out to elucidate this diversity by focusing, for the first time and from a variety of perspectives, on the erosion of boundaries which characterises Malraux’s work. This erosion is multi-faceted and includes the crossing of genre boundaries; the appropriation of the literary text as political vehicle; the exploitation of the literary text as historical document; contemporary history as a source of literary texts; the slippage between autobiography and the novel, autobiography and the memorialist essay and between fiction and the memorialist essay. Contributors to this volume explore the complex relationship between fact and fiction underpinning Malraux’s writing, and also his life. An understanding of Malraux’s determination to ignore boundaries is crucial to the understanding of his life and work. In this respect the present study will interest academics and students, both undergraduate and postgraduate, of French literary and cultural studies.

Lenin Rediscovered

What Is to Be Done? in Context

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Lars T. Lih

Lenin’s What is to Be Done? (1902) has long been seen as the founding document of a 'party of a new type'. For some, it provided a model of ‘vanguard party’ that was the essence of Bolshevism, for others it manifested Lenin’s élitist and manipulatory attitude towards the workers.
This substantial new commentary, based on contemporary Russian- and German-language sources, provides hitherto unavailable contextual information that undermines these views and shows how Lenin's argument rests squarely on an optimistic confidence in the workers' revolutionary inclinations and on his admiration of German Social Democracy in particular. Lenin's outlook cannot be understood, Lih claims here, outside the context of international Social Democracy, the disputes within Russian Social Democracy and the institutions of the revolutionary underground.
The new translation focuses attention on hard-to-translate key terms. This study raises new and unsettling questions about the legacy of Marx, Bolshevism as a historical force, and the course of Soviet history, but, most of all, it will revolutionise the conventional interpretations of Lenin.

Writing on the Edge

Interviews with Writers and Editors of Wales

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David T. Lloyd

Complex and controversial issues have accompanied the development of English-language literature in Wales, generating a continuing debate over the nature of Welsh writing in English. The main issues include the claim of some Welsh-language writers to represent the only authentic literature of Wales, the question of whether or not an extended literary tradition in English has existed in Wales, the absence (until fairly recently) of a publishing apparatus for English-language writers, the rise of a Welsh nationalism committed to preserving the Welsh language, and the question of whether English-language literature in Wales can be distinguished from English literature proper. The primary impulse for the interviews with the thirteen writers and editors in Writing on the Edge was to explore these and other issues relating to the literary and cultural identity in Wales in the last decade. The book's title reflects these ongoing debates about the nature and direction of contemporary Welsh literature in English, which is often perceived as peripheral both to Welsh-speaking Wales and to the literary culture of England. As one of the contributors to the volume says This is what it is to be Welsh ... It's an edge. There's no moment of life in Wales that hasn't got that edge, unless you decide you're not Welsh.

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Sita T. van Bemmelen

In this book Sita van Bemmelen offers an account of changes in Toba Batak society (Sumatra, Indonesia) due to Christianity and Dutch colonial rule (1861-1942) with a focus on customs and customary law related to the life cycle and gender relations. The first part, a historical ethnography, describes them as they existed at the onset of colonial rule. The second part zooms in on the negotiations between the Toba Batak elite, the missionaries of the German Rhenish Mission and colonial administrators about these customs showing the evolving views on desirable modernity of each contestant. The pillars of the Toba patrilineal kinship system were challenged, but alterations changed the way it was reproduced and gender relations for ever.