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In: Chinese Research Perspectives on Society, Volume 1
Author: Yulin Zhang

After more than ten years of compensatory growth, the Chinese people’s dietary life has undergone a significant consumer revolution since the 1990s: there has been a major change in the quantity, structure, and consumption patterns of food, and animal food intake has increased significantly. The consumer revolution is underpinned not only by the “hidden agricultural revolution” in China, but also by the huge imports of agri-food and the hundreds of millions of acres of “virtual farmland,” which reached 200 million tonnes and one billion mu respectively in 2017. Given the tendency of food consumption to exceed the needs of maintaining health, the heavy ecological pressure on domestic agriculture, as well as the risks of the international situation and the external ecological impact associated with massive imports, the sustainability of this unfinished revolution is in question. At the national strategic level, advocating the moderation of consumption and the reduction of waste and reducing consumption expectations and consumption volume have become necessary choices.

In: Rural China
Author: Jiayan Zhang

Swan Islet, located in the old course of the Yangzi River in Shishou, Hubei, central China, was chosen as a nature reserve first to conserve milu 麋鹿 (Père David’s deer) in 1987 and white-fin dolphins 白鱀豚 in 1992. The local government then built dikes to protect this area from the annual high water of the Yangzi River, which turned a considerable amount of riverside wasteland into reclaimable land attractive to the local farmers. At the same time, more land was needed to feed the fast-growing herds of milu. In the river, dolphins and fisherfolk compete for resources. Different interests have caused conflicts between the government, farmers, and fisherfolk. Conflicts between governmental bureaus has made things even more complicated. With the increasing appeal of wetland preservation, the local government added wetland preservation to its agenda and applied for financial support from upper-level governments. Attempting to lure tourists with milu—a “national treasure”—and original wetlands, the local government is hoping to promote eco-tourism and eventually to boost local economic growth, all in the name of protecting the environment.

In: Rural China
In: Chinese Research Perspectives on Society, Volume 2
In: The China Society Yearbook, Volume 4


Several momentous events marked the beginning of the first year of China?s 11th Five-Year Plan (2006?2010), setting the tone for the progress accomplished throughout 2006. In 2006, the conventional development direction of China?s cultural industry began to shift; a strategic development framework was established for China?s cultural industry, an alliance between the cultural industry and the high-level technology industry was formed, upstream and downstream processes for the whole industrial chain were extended, regional industry distribution was implemented, and the trade deficit of cultural products and services was curtailed. The development of the cultural industry was promoted by many forces, including cultural restructuring, the appearance of new methods in the content of the industry, the large-scale convergence of the construction of an innovative country with the cultural and creative industry, and a sharp growth in the import and export of cultural products.

In: The China Society Yearbook, Volume 2
Sustainable Development and the Practice of Good Governance
Editor: Wei Zhang
In The Right to Development authors offer a new path for the implementation and protection of the right to development from the new perspective of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Instead of emphasizing the economic perspective, this book focuses on how to realize the right to sustainable development by resolution of conflicts among the economy, the environment and society.
Integrating the value analysis into the empirical analysis method, this book expands the scope of the United Nations Declaration on the Right to Development and strengthens its practical function, extracts Chinese experiences, lessons from South Asia, local knowledge in South Africa and practice in Peru on the implementation of the right to development, and puts forward the idea of building human rights criteria in the South.