This review offers a critical reading of John Goldingay’s The Theology of the Book of Isaiah from the author’s perspective as a Pentecostal literary critic and exegete. Focussing on Goldingay’s distinction between meaning and significance, it commends Goldingay’s attention to the difference between the theologies in the book of Isaiah and a variety of theologies which might be seen as arising from the book, and draws out some fundamental questions which Goldingay’s observations pose more broadly for Pentecostal interpreters.
This chapter commences with the observation that Pentecostals historically have never been particularly engaged social or politically despite the social challenges faced by their communities. Largely this was because of their focus on their hope for the ultimate resolution of eternity to be too deeply and systematically concerned with the hardships faced in the here and now. Furthermore, they were concerned that engagement with any sort of ‘social gospel’ would distract them from their central call to preach the ‘full gospel’ salvation. The chapter explores the sea change in which Pentecostals megachurches endorsed social activism via the rise of ‘progressive Pentecostals’ and what this has entailed.