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In: Conservatism and Innovation in the Hebrew Language of the Hellenistic Period
In: The Dead Sea Scrolls In Context (2 vols) 
Author: Moshe Bar-Asher


This chapter situates the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls in the historical context of written Hebrew, which stretches more than 1300 years: beginning with Biblical Hebrew, through the Qumran scrolls, and ending with the language of the Tannaim. Throughout this time, a spoken language stood behind this written heritage. General conclusions require comprehensive examinations upon which to build, and what is necessary is this type of examination of many grammatical and lexical issues. The chapter offers studies of just two linguistic issues, which provide insights into the diachronic developments that encompassed these three strata. It is clear, however, that every linguistic fact that can be examined through diachronic lenses will add to the general picture of the language and the accepted chronological order: Bible, Dead Sea Scrolls, and Mishnaic Hebrew.

In: The Dead Sea Scrolls In Context (2 vols) 
In: Diggers at the Well
The Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and of Other Contemporary Sources.
The Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the book of Ben Sira can be properly understood only in the light of all contemporary Second Temple period sources. With this in mind, 20 experts from Israel, Europe, and the United States convened in Jerusalem in December 2008. These proceedings of the Twelfth Orion Symposium and Fifth International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Ben Sira examine the Hebrew of the Second Temple period as reflected primarily in the Dead Sea Scrolls, the book of Ben Sira, Late Biblical Hebrew, and Mishnaic Hebrew. Additional contemporaneous sources—inscriptions, Greek and Latin transcriptions, and the Samaritan oral and reading traditions of the Pentateuch—are also noted.