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In: Eurasian Studies

In this research note I set out to show that the concept of “legitimation,” widely employed as an explanatory device by historians of Islamic Central Asia, is of little help to explain the increase of Islamic institutions in the Khanate of Khiva. I do so by examining an endowment deed notarized after the establishment of the Qutlūgh Murād Ïnāq madrasa in Khiva and by reflecting on the purposes which Qunghrat dynasts wanted to achieve by putting in place a new education system in Khorezm. My contention is that such a system reflects different levels of connectivity within the Khanate of Khiva and around it. More specifically, I consider how the construction of madrasas was integral to Qunghrat governance within Khorezm and how it was connected to the educational economy of wider Muslim communities within the Russian Empire.

In: Eurasian Studies