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Its Interpretations in Early Jewish and Christian Traditions 
Established at the center of the Torah, the instructions for the celebration of the “Day of Atonement” hold a prominent position (Leviticus 16). The language of atonement, purification and reconciliation represents the variety of concepts that both explore the complex relationships between God and man, between Yahweh and his chosen people Israel, and that set apart the place of encounter—the sanctuary. Leviticus 16 has served as the point of departure for numerous religious and cultural practices and thoughts that have had a formative influence on Judaism and Christianity up to the present day. The essays in this volume form a representative cross section of the history of the reception of Leviticus 16 and the tradition of the Yom ha-Kippurim.
For the reconstruction of early Christianity, the lives of early Christians, their world of ideas, their ways of living, and their literature. Early Christian manuscripts - documents and literary texts - are pivotal archaeological artefacts. However, the manuscripts often came to us in fragmentary conditions, incomplete or with gaps and missing lines. Others appear to form a corpus, belong to an archive, or are connected with each other as far as theme or purpose are concerned. The present collection comprises of nine essays about individual or a set of certain manuscripts. With their essays the authors aim to present special approaches to early Christian manuscripts and, consequently, demonstrate methodically how to deal with them. The scope of topics ranges from the reconstruction of fragmentary manuscripts to the significance of amulets and from the discussion of individual fragments to the handling of the known manuscripts of a specific Christian text or a whole archive of papyri.
New Testament Manuscripts: Their Texts and Their World comprises twelve essays dealing with manuscripts of the New Testament and/or what we can learn from them today. Starting from different angles the contributors — distinguished scholars of international reputation — focus on the fascinating and thrilling stories manuscripts tell, for instance about the times they were produced in or the people who handled them.
The multitude of manuscripts used for establishing the critical text of the New Testament is often only perceived as abbreviations in form of single letters or numerals, and today’s biblical scholars may hardly ever take notice of the specific features of an original manuscript, above all those not mentioned in a critical edition. Therefore, three sets of contributions deals with the conditions under which manuscripts from the early days of Christianity were produced and transmitted, specific individual manuscripts, and then special features observed in and with the help of various manuscripts. In a final essay the usual method of how to organize and categorize New Testament manuscripts is challenged and an alternative method proposed.
The essays are linked with each other so that readers may get a feeling of how astounding an occupation with the original manuscripts of the New Testament and the days of the early Christians can be.
Samson is a peculiar character. He is the most powerful of the Israelite judges and three whole chapters in the book of Judges are allocated to him. Yet he demonstrates many weaknesses, not least for the charms of women. In the international conference “Samson: Hero or Fool?” organised at the University of Nijmegen in April, 2008, the texts of Judges 16-18 were studied from different perspectives, investigating how the complex character of this (anti)hero lived on in various ways in the later traditions about him. The contributions discuss also the reception history of the Samson traditions in later Jewish, Christian and Islamic literature, as well as his representation in figurative and performing arts
Die Programmschrift Sola Scriptura ökumenisch ist weltweit der erste Versuch, Ökumene konsequent aus dem gemeinsamen Bezug auf die Bibel als wegweisender Richtschnur für individuellen Glauben und institutionelle Gestaltung von Kirchen im Kontext offener gesellschaftlicher Konflikte der Gegenwart zu denken. Erstmals werden 10 Thesen zum Verständnis und zur Funktion einer Schriftauffassung im Zeichen von Sola Scriptura publiziert, die gemeinsam von einem evangelischen, einem römisch-katholischen und einem orthodoxen Bibelwissenschaftler formuliert wurden. Sie sind sich darin einig, dass allein die Schrift richtig verstanden eine frohe Botschaft für alle bezeugt und nur die gemeinsame, erwartungsvolle wie kritische Hinwendung zur Schrift tragfähige Ökumene ermöglicht. Diese ist die Basis dafür, biblische Einsichten in die Ermöglichungsbedingungen gemeinschaftlichen Lebens in die globalen und lokalen kirchlichen und gesellschaftlichen Konflikte der Gegenwart einzubringen.
Is there a future after death and what does this future look like? What kind of life can we expect, and in what kind of world? Is there another, hopefully better world than the one we live in? The articles collected in this volume, all written by leading experts in the field, deal with the question how ancient Jewish and Christian authors describe “otherworldly places and situations”. They investigate why various forms of texts were created to address the questions above, how these texts functioned, and how they have to be understood.
It is shown how ancient descriptions of the “otherworld” are taking over and reworking existing motifs, forms and genres, but also that they mirror concrete problems, ideas, experiences, and questions of their authors and the first readers.
Martyrdom and Imitation in Early Christian Texts and Art
This volume explores the phenomenon of Christian martyrdom and ideas of “following Christ”, in particular focusing on theological and pragmatic difficulties in the early Christian period. How can martyrs successfully follow Christ without themselves entering into a competition with him? What happens when the idea of following Christ so faithfully as to experience martyrdom becomes impossible because of the fundamentally different living situation of the faithful? How do Christian concepts of the model and of imitation compare to pagan traditions of “exempla”? Contributions from classical philology, ancient history, theology, and art history suggest some answers to these questions, drawing equally on ancient literature and material culture.

This volume in honour of Johannes van Oort, formerly University of Utrecht, presently Professor of Patristics and Gnosticism at the Universities of Nijmegen and Pretoria, and past-President of the International Association of Manichaean Studies (IAMS), brings together a rich variety of studies on Augustine, Manichaeism, and other Gnostic currents, thus reflecting the honorand’s research interests. The unique collection is divided into four sections: I. Studies in Augustine: Confessions, Sermons, Letters & De Haeresibus; Augustine on Grace & Pluralism; Augustinian ‘Gnosis’; II. Studies in Manichaeism: Origins & Myth; Doctrines & Cult; Diffusion & Art; III. Studies in Manichaeism and Augustine: Doctrines; Polemics & Debates with Manichaean Contemporaries; IV. Studies in ‘Other Gnosticism’: Gnosticism and ‘Apocryphal’ Texts; Sources of (Ps.) Hippolytus’ Refutatio; the Gospel of Judas; Modern Yesidi Gnosticism. The 35 studies are preceded by an overview of Prof. van Oort’s scholarly activities and publications
Religiöse Gewalttheorien in der Kriegserfahrung des Westens
Ein umfassendes Grundlagenwerk: Die erste Gesamtgeschichte christlicher Kriegserfahrung und christlicher Kriegstheorie von der Antike bis heute. Die Rolle der christlichen Religion im Kontext von Krieg und Kriegführung ist bis heute zutiefst umstritten. War nicht auch das Christentum – wie heute ein militanter Islamismus – in der Geschichte Europas eine Quelle der Gewalt und Radikalisierung? Einleitend entwirft der Herausgeber dieses in seiner thematischen Breite und analytischen Durchdringung einzigartigen Bandes eine umfassende Theorie des Verhältnisses von Krieg und Christentum. Erstrangige Autoren beleuchten sodann den Zusammenhang von Krieg, Kriegserfahrung und religiös begründeter Kriegstheorie, das Verhältnis von Kriegswirklichkeit und theologisch verantworteter Kriegsethik – von den biblischen Grundlagen und den philosophischen Reflexionen der Antike bis zu den religiösen Implikationen des US-Anti-Terror-Krieges im frühen 21. Jahrhundert. Der eindrucksvolle Band ist erwachsen aus dem Tübinger Sonderforschungsbereich 'Kriegserfahrung – Krieg und Gesellschaft in der Neuzeit'. Er arbeitet mit dem dort entwickelten methodischen Instrumentarium einer Geschichte von 'Religion und Kriegserfahrung', welche konzentriert die Wirklichkeit des Krieges mit ihren religiösen und politischen Deutungen verbindet.
Gespräche zwischen christlicher Theologie und jüdischem Denken
Seit einem Menschenalter im Gespräch. Die konstitutive Bedeutung jüdischen Denkens für die christliche Theologie in Deutschland zur Sprache zu bringen: Kaum ein anderer Theologe widmet sich dieser zentralen Aufgabe so intensiv und engagiert wie Josef Wohlmuth. Getrieben von der Suche nach Wahrheit und in steter Ehrfurcht vor dem Heiligen bearbeitet er die eigene Tradition, um deutend Gott, den Menschen und der Welt auf die Spur zu kommen. Sein wissenschaftliches Interesse an der Dogmen- und Konziliengeschichte verbindet sich dabei mit der Sensibilität für theologische Ästhetik und der unablässigen Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenwartsphilosophen - meist jüdischer Provenienz: Franz Rosenzweig, Walter Benjamin, Jürgen Habermas, Jean-Luc Marion, Jacques Derrida, Hans Blumenberg sowie Emmanuel Levinas.