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William Outhwaite

William D’Antonio and Anthony J. Pogorelc

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William Andrew Myers

Outside our normative frameworks of ethics and of ordinary moral regard we construct categories of the alien. This chapter describes perpetrators of extreme harm as one type of person created as Other, even as inhuman. I examine three types of ethical alien, the murderous dictator, the serial killer, and the ideological killer, and I argue that uncritical acceptance of the social mechanisms that treat extreme perpetrators as absolute outsiders, barely or not even human, impermissibly limit our shared beliefs about what it means to be human - and hence our self- understanding. It also constricts our conception of the humane by allowing us to objectify such people as inhuman monsters, blinding us to the origins of evil in our own humanity and enabling us to write off the extreme perpetrator as beyond moral consideration.