Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author or Editor: İlgi Gerçek x
  • Search level: All x
Clear All


Attested in the cuneiform sources of the Hittite Empire, the term tapariya- has the general meaning “to rule, to order, to govern, or to decide.” This term and others related to it have typically been understood to connote central, official, and royal command. It has been suggested, for instance, that some instances of tapariya- in specific contexts have the extended meaning of a provincial administrative district established by royal command, or that its derivative tapariyalli- denotes a governor appointed by royal command. Our paper challenges this view through a reexamination of tapariya- and related terms, suggesting instead that some occurrences of tapariya- might instead refer to local government, and that tapariyalli- is better understood as the representative of a local community rather than an appointee of the Hittite court in the periphery. This interpretation of tapariya- and tapariyalli- leads to a new understanding of the agency of local communities and their representatives not only during the Hittite period, but also and especially during the post-Hittite period. While the terms related to tapariya- occur in Luwian Hieroglyphic texts in both southern Anatolia and northern Syria, tapariyalli- is the only official title that appears both in Hittite and post-Hittite sources in south-central Anatolia. In our discussion of the post-Hittite period, we contrast the agency of the tapariyalli- as representatives of local communities in the sociopolitical landscape of south-central Anatolia to the top-down dynastic continuity represented by the Upper Euphrates courts of Carchemish and Malatya, which were very influential in defining authority and its representation in the Iron Age Syro-Hittite city-states.

In: “A Community of Peoples”
Scholarly reference works, bibliographic works and research tools pertaining to the political, economic, and social history of the Near and Middle East and the Muslim World at large. The volumes in this series are encompassing works in the humanities as well as the social sciences, and may include studies of religions, law, the history of science and medicine, arts, archaeology, anthropology, literature and linguistics. Many of the published works draw extensively from primary sources in original languages, for which HdO has the capacity to reproduce texts in original languages (and scripts), in transliteration, and in translation.

This series has published an average of ten volumes per year over the last 5 years.