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In: Turko-Mongol Rulers, Cities and City Life
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Abstract

This article examines the Arabic manuscripts of Buton Island, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, focussing on the Abdul Mulku Zahari collection. In particular, it studies manuscripts of texts composed by the ruler of Buton, Sultan Muḥammad ʿAydarūs (r. 1824–1851) who wrote a large number of Sufi works in both Arabic and Wolio, the literary language of the Butonese court. The manuscripts attest not only the religious and intellectual culture of the court, but also Buton’s connections with the wider Islamic world including the Hijaz and its reformist Sufi movements. The article also situates Muḥammad ʿAydarūs’s Arabic works in the broader context of Butonese history and textual production.

In: Journal of Islamic Manuscripts
In: Turko-Mongol Rulers, Cities and City Life

Abstract

This article discusses the works of Qadi Niẓam al-Dīn al-Iṣfahānī (d. c. 1279–83), a prominent litterateur operating at the court of the Juwayni dynasty of administrators who served the Ilkhans. Writing in Arabic, Niẓam al-Dīn composed both poems and letters for his patrons, shedding new light on the intellectual life of the Ilkhanate as well as on otherwise poorly attested historical events such as the fall of Isfahan to the Mongols. Based on unpublished manuscripts, this study examines this neglected figure and his place in Ilkhanid intellectual and political life.

In: New Approaches to Ilkhanid History
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Abstract

This article presents documents relating to the embassy sent by Sultan ʿAbd al-Raḥmān of Darfur to the Ottoman Sultan Selim III in 1791. These include an original Arabic letter which is an unusually early surviving example of sultanic correspondence from the Sahel. The documents permit a new interpretation of the purposes of the embassy, as well as an examination of chancery practice in Darfur, and offer an insight into Darfuri views of the outside world. To aid the analysis, the article compares this letter with a second surviving letter from ʿAbd al-Raḥmān addressed to Napoleon Bonaparte around 1800, of which the Arabic text has not previously been published.

Open Access
In: Islamic Africa
In: Malay-Indonesian Islamic Studies