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This chapter is about kibbutz culture. It rests on two assumptions: first, to a great extent, the formation of the kibbutz was influenced by the society surrounding it and by the problems with which it had to cope. Second, the uniqueness of its culture derived from the fact that it was part of a cooperative way of life, a holistic social creation that was expressed in different layers of communal life. The changes that took place in the kibbutz over time and especially those that occurred at the turn of the twenty-first century raise the question: Does the kibbutz still exist as a ‘culture community’ despite the far-reaching changes it experienced?

In: The Metamorphosis of the Kibbutz