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Académie de Droit International de la Haye

Plaidoirie pour une nouvelle branche du droit: le «droit des conflits d’ordres juridiques» dans le prolongement du «droit des conflits de règles» (conférence inaugurale), par W. van Gerven, ancien professeur de l’Université de Tilburg.

Successions internationales: conflits de lois et de juridictions, par A. Bonomi, professeur à l’Université de Lausanne.

Idealism and the Study of International Law (Inaugural Lecture) by B. H. Oxman, Professor of Law at the University of Miami School of Law.
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Académie de Droit International de la Haye

Private International Law as Component of the Law of the Forum. General Course on Private International Law by M. Bogdan, Professor at the University of Lund.

La reconnaissance internationale des situations juridiques personnelles et familiales, par R. Baratta, professeur à l’Université de Macerata.
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Académie de Droit International de la Haye

L’indépendance des juges internationaux, par J. Malenovský, juge à la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes
L’indépendance des juges internationaux est le fruit d’une synthèse particulière du principe général de droit imposant l’indépendance judiciaire, d’une part, et de certaines règles traditionnelles propres au statut de l’arbitre international, d’autre part. Tant le point « faible » que le point « fort » du juge international réside dans sa nationalité, facteur de rapports ambigus entre lui et l’État de sa nationalité, notamment sur le plan de sa sélection et de sa nomination, ainsi que du renouvellement de son mandat limité dans le temps. L’indépendance du juge international affecte les rapports de celui-ci avec ses pairs et ses collaborateurs ainsi que les limites de sa liberté d’expression (le droit aux opinions séparées).

Radiating Impact of WTO on Its Members’ Legal System: The Chinese Perspective, by Guiguo Wang, Professor at the City University of Hong Kong.
The World Trade Organization (“WTO”) resulted from globalization, through which national law provisions are internationalized and international norms are domesticated. The WTO does not permit reservation by its members who are obliged to ensure the compliance of their laws, policies and other measures. Once a member is found to have violated its obligations, it must rectify the non-compliance measures to avoid retaliation. The quasi-automatic approval procedure of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body has proved to be effective in ensuring the compliance by members and consistency of interpretation of the WTO Agreement. As the multilateral trade institution covers a wide range of sectors from trade in goods and services, and intellectual property to investment and the measures of the members include laws and regulations, administrative decisions and judicial rulings, the impacts of the WTO on the members’ legal systems are hugely profound and long lasting. In some cases, for the purpose of joining the WTO, the legal systems of the members concerned have been through significant changes.
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Académie de Droit International de la Haye

The Quest for World Order and Human Dignity in the Twenty-first Century: Constitutive Process and Individual Commitment. General Course on Public International Law by W. M. Reisman, Professor at the Yale Law School
International law's archipelago is composed of legal "islands", which are highly organized, and "off-shore" zones, manifesting a much lower degree of legal organization. Each requires a different mode of decision-making. This General Course is concerned, first, with understanding and assessing the aggregate performance of the world constitutive process, in present and projected constructs; second, with providing the intellectual tools that can enable those involved in making decisions to be more effective, whether they are operating in islands or off-shore; and, third, with inquiring into ways the international legal system might be improved.
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Académie de Droit International de la Haye / Hague Academy of International Law

Reflections on the Relevance of Public International Law to Private International Law Treaty Making Paul R. Beaumont
This lecture focuses on treaty interpretation, reservations, declarations, the relationship between international instruments and decision making methods in an international institution. It deals with these public international law issues from the perspective of a private international lawyer who has encountered them when negotiating several treaties at the Hague Conference on Private International Law (the revised Statute of the Conference, the Choice of Court Agreements Convention, and the Maintenance Convention and its Protocol).

Conflits de lois en droit maritime Sergio M. Carbone
La doctrine et la jurisprudence la plus récente relèvent de plus en plu les limites de l’utilisation du critère de la nationalité du navire dans la solution des conflits de loi.
En ce qui concerne les conflits de lois relatifs aux transports maritimes de marchandise, on tient compte des différences des solutions adoptées à propos des charter-parties, des transports tramps et des transports maritimes de ligne documentés par un connaissement.
A propos du contrat de travail maritime, on confirme l’affaiblissement du rôle de la nationalité du navire et l’importance croissante de la négociation collective internationale.
En ce qui concerne la responsabilité extracontractuelle, c’est la lex damni qui s’applique, sauf pour ce qui concerne les événements à l’intérieur du navire.
De cette analyse, enfin, résulte confirmée la tendance à l’internationalisation du droit maritime et la fonction résiduelle confiée à la loi du pavillon dans la solution des conflits de lois.

Unifying and Harmonizing Substantive Law and the Role of Conflict of Laws Katharina Boele Woelki
Traditionally, conflict of law rules designate only national substantive law as the applicable law. Many unifying and harmonizing substantive law instruments of both States and non-State organizations, however, are designed specifically for application to cross-border relationships. Achieving this objective is, generally, hindered by conflict of law rules. The requirements which non-national law needs to fulfil in order to be accepted as the law governing a cross-border relationship deserve clarification. Not only uniform law, such as the CISG and the envisaged European substantive law instrument for the law of obligations, but, particularly, instruments which are aimed at harmonizing substantive law, challenge the established systems of conflict of laws. In seeking a positive approach towards the application of a law other than national law various aspects need to be considered: (1) is the decision taken by a court or an arbitral tribunal; (2) what field of law (contract/delict/tort or family relationships) is involved; and (3) the objective or subjective (choice by the parties) designation of the applicable law.
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Académie de Droit International de la Haye / Hague Academy of International Law

La dimension sociale du droit international privé. Cours général par Andreas Bucher.

Ce cours apporte la cohérence au pluralisme des méthodes, dans une perspective qui tient compte des intérêts de la société. Les règles de conflit de lois sont présentées dans une nouvelle structure, exhaustive, permettant de définir la place des règles unilatérales et bilatérales et des lois de police et d’y intégrer le droit communautaire européen. La fonction des tribunaux dans l’ordre international révèle des enjeux rendant indispensables des progrès dans la coopération entre Etats.