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  • Author or Editor: Adinel C. Dincă x
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This paper revolves around several key questions: (1) Where were new Latin bishoprics established within a time span of one hundred years, from the mid-10th century onwards? (2) What were the political and religious contexts that led to such episcopal foundations? (3) Were these Latin dioceses replacing or succeeding previous centres of secular or spiritual authority, Christian or non-Christian? (4) What are the sources that allow the (partial) reconstruction of the earliest history of the newly established bishoprics? (5) When is the process of establishing a diocese concluded? The planned discussion aims at a better understanding of the theoretical framework (institutions involved, available sources) in which the founding of a diocese in Transylvania could have taken place as part of the ecclesiastical sphere of Roman obedience.

In: Christianization in Early Medieval Transylvania


Just before 1200 and just after 1240 two Cistercian abbeys, first a male house at Cârța, not far from Sibiu (Sancta Maria in Kerz), and then a nunnery in Brașov (Sancta Katherina), were established in Transylvania, a borderland of the territories ruled by the Hungarian crown inhabited by Eastern-rite Christians, especially Romanians. Conventionally, often following the model of older historiography on Frankish Greece, modern scholars have understood the arrival of the Cistercian Order in this remote area as an effort at conversion initiated by the papal see. Reassessing older evidence within a new historiographical paradigm and adding newly discovered documentary sources, this paper argues instead that the Cistercian mission in Transylvania was tied to local factors, cultural, social, and economic, and thus the White Monks endured as long as their cooperation with the elite of the German colonists in southern Transylvania remained fruitful. In the light of the evidence, and similar to parallel developments in Frankish Greece, neither ethnic conflict nor a desire to convert non-Latins played a determining role in the historical evolution of the Cistercian presence in Transylvania.

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In: Frankokratia