This paper aims to study how food security in Egypt influenced by the global rising of food prices occurs during the period 2006-2008 and the global economic crisis beginning in 2008. In order to achieve the aim of the study, the paper was divided into three main sections in addition to introduction, the second one analyze the features of food crisis and its reasons and its effects on the poor and households. The third section represents the global economic crisis and its impacts on the most vulnerable households. The fourth section, analyze the status of food security in Egypt before and after the two crises, government response to food and global economic crises, role of international organizations in Egypt as a result of the two crises, the Arab awakening and its impact on food security, finally, the paper introduces some policy options to address food insecurity in Egypt.
The main conclusion of the study is that the Egyptian economy is highly vulnerable to food and economic global shocks, and the status of food security after the two crises is classified as a serious case.
Although there is no good “Oldowan” record in the Egyptian Nile Valley, the presence of the “Pebble Tools Tradition” is confirmed by surface finds, scattered in the valley and the deserts, recorded through both early and recent excavations, and confirmed by three important stratified sites at Western Thebes, Nag el Amra and Abassieh. Evidence for the existence of the Oldowan complex in Egypt was found, although there was no water corridor connecting the East African highlands to the Mediterranean, as the Proto-Nile had its sources within Egypt itself at the time of the Plio-Pleistocene boundary. The western coast of the Red Sea also should be considered a possible corridor for early Pleistocene hominins. There is still much more research to be done, especially in the Eastern Egyptian Desert and Sinai, to obtain a clearer picture of the scenario that happened during the Plio-Pleistocene episode of hominin dispersal out of Africa.