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Alberdina Houtman

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Alberdina Houtman

Throughout the almost two thousand years of Jewish-Christian co-existence, Christian views of Judaism and its sacred texts have generally been quite negative. There have also been notable exceptions, however, and especially since the second half of the last century, some positive developments can be noted. In the present essay we will consider some major currents of Christian thinking on Judaism as it has developed since the Early Modern Period, with an emphasis on Protestant thought. Geographically, we concentrate on Western Europe, the area where the great catastrophe of the Shoah took place, which had a considerable impact on Western theology after the Second World War.

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Alberdina Houtman

Targum manuscripts and early printed editions consist of more than just the text. They also include diverse paratextual elements to give the user information on how to read and understand the text. This information can be very useful in research on interpretation and textual history. The added information is sometimes difficult to interpret because the key to how to interpret and weigh the information is not always obvious. In this article some kinds of paratextual information are discussed within the context of cultural historical Targum research, such as the project of ‘A Jewish Targum in a Christian World’.

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Alberdina Houtman

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Alberdina Houtman