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Author: Alexander Chow

Abstract

Christianity in mainland China has often been characterized as a religion for the marginalized of society. However, since the 1990s, there has been a growing phenomenon within the country’s burgeoning urban metropolises with an increasing number of urban intellectuals converting to Protestantism. This article explores the theology of several representatives of these urban intellectual Christians who make use of the teachings of John Calvin and his followers. This article will show that there is a strong theological interest in engaging in the public sphere around subjects like the rule of law, constitutionalism and a civil society. Although the representatives cited in this article have been described as ‘Chinese New Calvinists’ or ‘Christian public intellectuals’, it is proposed here that a more appropriate understanding of this growing and significant group is as Chinese public theologians.

In: International Journal of Public Theology
Author: Alexander Chow

Abstract

This chapter offers a comparative analysis of the role evangelicalism plays in three movements of ethnic Chinese – to Britain in the 1960s–70s, to the United States in the 1970s–90s, and to urban centres of mainland China in the 1990s–2010s. The basis of comparison is found in the fact that urbanisation and diaspora are fundamentally two forms of migration, though they may differ in the extent of physical and cultural distance travelled. In each of these movements, Chinese migrants encounter forms of evangelicalism which offer existential and material resources to understand, interpret, and engage the shifts towards one’s new home. Furthermore, this chapter argues that what is understood as ‘evangelicalism’ is contextualised in ways that somewhat differ from British or American evangelicalisms, and offers a unique form of Chinese evangelicalism.

In: Ecumenism and Independency in World Christianity
Author: Alexander Chow

Abstract

This chapter offers a comparative analysis of the role evangelicalism plays in three movements of ethnic Chinese – to Britain in the 1960s–70s, to the United States in the 1970s–90s, and to urban centres of mainland China in the 1990s–2010s. The basis of comparison is found in the fact that urbanisation and diaspora are fundamentally two forms of migration, though they may differ in the extent of physical and cultural distance travelled. In each of these movements, Chinese migrants encounter forms of evangelicalism which offer existential and material resources to understand, interpret, and engage the shifts towards one’s new home. Furthermore, this chapter argues that what is understood as ‘evangelicalism’ is contextualised in ways that somewhat differ from British or American evangelicalisms, and offers a unique form of Chinese evangelicalism.

In: Ecumenism and Independency in World Christianity
Author: Alexander Chow

摘要

关于宣教和移民的研究往往集中在基督教从国内向国外的传播。对天主教和新教宣教的研究的确如此,但在越来越多的“逆向宣教”的讨论中也是如此,如非洲和韩国的散居宣教士在欧洲和北美的异教徒土地上宣教。本文提出了另一个术语“回归宣教”,即来自侨民的基督徒回归传福音给他们祖先的原居地。本文将使用 赵天恩的案例研究,他是一位回归宣教士,从 1978 年开始进出中国,直到 2004 年去世,他被认为是中国加尔文主义复兴的重要人物。本文认为“回归宣教”为理解宣教和移民的课题提供了新的手段,并对家长式和独立性问题提出了新的挑战。

In: Mission Studies