Alicja Konopacka and Krystyna Jesionowska
Alicja Konopacka and Krystyna Jesionowska
The life history of Echinogammarus ischnus was studied in Licheńskie lake, a water basin heated by a big power plant. Results are compared with literature data concerning populations of this species living in its natural habitat.
Krzysztof Jaźdźewski and Alicja Konopacka
The paper presents a survey of Polish malacostracan fauna. In two tables the distribution of freshwater and Baltic species is presented according to the regionalization of the country used in "Catalogus Faunae Poloniae". Figures present some interesting distributions of freshwater malacostracan taxa. Own studies as well as the review of ample literature aimed at the preparation of the successive issues of "Catalogus Faunae Poloniae" allowed to present this survey of 121 malacostracan taxa, viz., Bathynellacea - 1 species, Mysidacea - 9, Amphipoda - 50, Isopoda - 47, Tanaidacea - 1, Cumacea - 1, Euphausiacea - 1, Decapoda - 11. In inland waters 31 species and subspecies do occur (Batynellacea - 1, Mysidacea - 1, Amphipoda - 22, Isopoda - 2, Decapoda - 5). In brackish waters of the Baltic Sea and its lagoons- 54 species (Mysidacea - 8, Amphipoda - 24, Isopoda - 12, Tanaidacea - 1, Cumacea - 1, Euphausiacea - 1, Decapoda - 8). Bi-environmental species are Asellus aquaticus and Eriocheir sinensis. The land malacostracan fauna of Poland includes 4 amphipod and 34 isopod (oniscoid) taxa. The Polish malacostracan fauna is composed mainly of species that have invaded this region of Europe in the postglacial period, but the oldest, preglacial elements are subterranean amphipods (niphargids, Crangonyx) and Bathynella natans, occurring only in southern Poland. The earliest postglacial invaders of the Baltic and/or the northern lakes were glacial relict species like the Mysis relicta group, Pallasiola quadrispinosa, Monoporeia affinis and Saduria entomon. The Southern Baltic malacostracan fauna is dominated by Boreal and Arctic/(Subarctic)-boreal elements but one third of this fauna is Mediterranean-boreal or Lusitanian-boreal in origin. Inland waters were probably settled next by Gammarus lacustris, G. pulex, Synurella ambulans, Asellus aquaticus and Astacus astacus, then by later incomers, like Gammarus balcanicus. Canal constructions in the XVIIIth century helped the immigration of Ponto-Caspian elements: Corophium curvispinum and Echinogammarus ischnus. Intentionally introduced to Polish waters are Astacus leptodactylus, Orconectes limosus and Pacifastacus leniusculus; unintentionally brought along were Eriocheir sinensis and Rhithropanopeus harrisii tridentatus, as well as Talitroides alluaudi and Trichorhina tomentosa to some greenhouses.
Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Alicja Konopacka and Michal Grabowski
The paper discusses recent drastic changes in the composition of Polish gammarid fauna, that occurred at the end of 20th century. This change was caused by the invasion of five alien species - four of Ponto-Caspian origin (Dikerogammarus haemobaphes, D. villosus, Obesogammarus crassus and Pontogammarus robustoides) and one of American origin (Gammarus tigrinus). Probable invasion routes are presented.
Michał Rachalewski, Alicja Konopacka, Michał Grabowski and Karolina Bącela-Spychalska
Echinogammarus trichiatus (Martynov, 1932), was recorded for the first time in Poland, in the lower Oder River, in September 2012. The species has most probably reached the Oder through the Havel-Oder Canal, being a part of the German inland canal system in which it has been already present since 2006. We found individuals of both sexes, including ovigerous females and juveniles. The structure of its population and its abundance (second dominant gammarid species on the site) suggests that it is well established and, thus, we may expect further invasion of the species into Polish waters. Six other invasive species of amphipods were recorded along the course of the Oder. Four of them, Dikerogammarus villosus, D. haemobaphes, Gammarus tigrinus and Chelicorophium curvispinum, occurred in the entire studied section of the river. Two, Pontogammarus robustoides and Obesogammarus crassus, were found only in the lowest part of the Oder.