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Since the end of the Soviet period, the Russian healthcare system has been undergoing a major reform process in order to respond to changing economic, demographic, and social realities. The healthcare reform reflects the state’s endeavors to gradually diminish its role as a major health service provider (and payer) by reducing public funding of the healthcare system despite its constitutional obligation to provide free healthcare to every Russian citizen in state budgetary institutions. Hovering between the guarantee of realization of the right to health in regulatory and financial terms and financial constraints, the Russian government has recently also been looking for opportunities to impose some ideological initiatives related to preventive medicine succinctly described as ‘biopolitics’. In this article, the interim results of the Russian healthcare reform are analyzed and the foreign dimension of the Russian healthcare policy is introduced.

In: Russian Politics