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Now that robots are leaving their cages in factory shop floors and laboratories, they are confronted with human everyday worlds. With this transfer from being exclusively concerned with technical systems to building socio-technical systems, everyday worlds become a wicked problem of robotics: They are interpretative, highly context dependent and products of constant interactive negotiation. The key to understanding and modelling this wicked problem is acknowledging the complexity of a human interaction. We stress three basic factors, which are constitutive for this complexity: indexicality, reciprocity of expectations, and double contingency. Although it is in the nature of these factors that they cannot be formalized, roboticists are forced to translate them into complicated, rather than complex, formalizations.

In: Artificial Intelligence
Erkundungen jenseits von "Kirche und Welt"
Das Verhältnis zwischen Kirche und säkularer Kultur steht einmal mehr in Frage. Gehören die Kunstwerke der christlichen Tradition als lebendige Quelle noch in unsere Gegenwart, oder nicht vielmehr einer Vergangenheit an, die höchstens noch von musealem Interesse ist? Ist eine intellektuelle Durchdringung des Glaubens, eine christliche, katholische/protestantische Intellektualität sinnvoll, notwendig, überhaupt möglich? Angesichts einer Gegenwart, die von einer Krise des rationalistischen Weltbildes und einer Renaissance der Religion ebenso geprägt ist wie von einem militant auftretenden neuen Atheismus, nehmen im vorliegenden Band namhafte Autoren, Wissenschaftler und Bischöfe zu dieser so prekären wie essentiellen Frage Stellung und verorten sie in den notwendigen philosophischen und bildungspolitischen Hintergründen. Autoren wie Karl Kardinal Lehmann, Franz Kamphaus, Martin Mosebach, Otto Kallscheuer und Ulrich Greiner bürgen für Qualität und Relevanz der Beiträge, die das weite und bisweilen verminte Gelände zwischen Natur und Kultur, Kirche und Welt neu vermessen.
Reflections in Philosophy, Theology, and the Social Sciences
This book discusses major issues of the current AI debate from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, and the social sciences: Can AI have a consciousness? Is superintelligence possible and probable? How does AI change individual and social life? Can there be artificial persons? What influence does AI have on religious worldviews? In Western societies, we are surrounded by artificially intelligent systems. Most of these systems are embedded in online platforms. But embodiments of AI, be it by voice or by actual physical embodiment, give artificially intelligent systems another dimension in terms of their impact on how we perceive these systems, how they shape our communication with them and with fellow humans and how we live and work together. AI in any form gives a new twist to the big questions that humanity has concerned herself with for centuries: What is consciousness? How should we treat each other - what is right and what is wrong? How do our creations change the world we are living in? Which challenges do we have to face in the future?