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In: Aziatische Kunst
Riddles in Japanese Woodblock Prints
Author: Andreas Marks
The Tōkaidō highway, connecting Edo with Kyoto, was the most vital thoroughfare in Japan. Its cultural presence in pre- to early modern Japanese society led to the publication of woodblock print series, such as the widely known landscape prints by Hiroshige, that took this famous road as their theme.
The prints of Utagawa Kunisada, the most sought-after woodblock print designer of his day, represent a different treatment of the Tōkaidō, in which popular kabuki actors in specific roles are paired with Tōkaidō post stations. This study discusses the phenomenon of serialization in Japanese prints outlining its marketing mechanisms and concepts. It then proceeds to unravel Kunisada’s pairings of post-stations and kabuki roles,
which served as puzzles for his audience to decipher. Finally, this study analyses Kunisada’s methods when he invented and developed these patterns.
Kunisada’s Tōkaidō is a valuable visual source for the print collector, illustrating over 700 prints and it has been selected for an Honorable Mention at the 2014 IFPDA (International Fine Print Dealers Association) Book Award.
Author: Andreas Marks
Japanese woodblock prints exemplified by such iconographic images as Hokusai’s Great Wave, Hiroshige’s Heavy Rain on Ohashi bridge, or Utamaro’s enticing beauties, constitute one of the most important and influential art forms in art history.

Today, the names of these artists themselves are celebrated throughout the world, and yet very little is known about the publishers of these artworks, despite the fact that they played a crucial role in the production, visual appearance and actual distribution of the works within the highly commercial world of Japanese printmaking. It was the publisher who gauged the markets, commissioned the artists and took on the risks of production. Once a design was completed by an artist, it was the publisher who coordinated the production process, farming out the work to the block carvers and printers, and also managed the distribution of the prints in the appropriate markets.

This volume champions the publisher – the enabler – without whom the great artworks which influenced painters like Monet, Toulouse-Lautrec, Van Gogh and others, would never have been produced.

Publishers of Japanese Woodblock Prints: A Compendium focuses on the production process of Japanese woodblock prints with an emphasis on the role of the publisher. This publication presents over 1,100 publishers, with comprehensive lists of publications by a total of 572 artists and facsimiles of over 2300 publisher seals, spanning a time period from the 1650s to the 1990s.
The publisher entries include details on the residence of a publisher, his clientele, the period of his commercial activity as well as a list of issued print series in chronological order. This listing offers insight into the status and versatility of a publisher, as well as indicating the publisher’s specialities, favoured artists and the particular strategies pursued. With almost 600 pages of information on the publishers of Japanese woodblock prints, this publication is an essential reference work for scholars and collectors of Japanese prints alike.

Abstract

When arbitrators assess claims for compensation, their analysis includes the determination of the applicable law and an analysis of the evidence, finishing with the quantification of compensation. When it comes to determining the methods for quantifying compensation, however, many national laws, as well as international law, provide little guidance. In this regard, arbitrators in both investment and commercial cases find themselves facing similar questions regarding available methods and their suitability for the case at hand. To review these methods and examine their aptness in the case of breaches of contract submitted to commercial arbitration, this chapter reappraises the awards issued in Himpurna v. PLN and Karaha Bodas v. PLN and Pertamina. It follows the tribunals' reasoning, which resulted in the application (or non-application) of a given method of valuation, and it discusses contract-related means of calculating damages.

In: Contemporary Issues in International Arbitration and Mediation: The Fordham Papers (2009)
Nietzsche, Wagner und das Musikdrama
Series:  Eikones
In Nietzsches Geburt der Tragödie wird der »apollinischen« Kunst des Bildners die »dionysische«, unbildliche Kunst der Musik gegenübergestellt und beides auf Wagners Musikdrama bezogen. Die hieraus gewonnenen ästhetischen Konfigurationen entfalten noch in der Zeit um 1900 bei Malern und Komponisten erhebliche Wirkung.
Der vorliegende Band unternimmt einerseits den Versuch, Nietzsches und Wagners Ideen in ihrer Entwicklung des Mit- und Gegeneinanders sowie einige der daran geknüpften Rezeptionsstränge historisch zu rekonstruieren, folgt aber andererseits auch dem Ziel, dies auf eine aktuelle Theorie und Praxis der Intermedialität von Bild und Klang beziehbar zu machen.
Genji's world in Japanese Woodblock Prints provides the first comprehensive overview of Genji prints, an exceptional subject and publishing phenomenon among Japanese woodblock prints that gives insight into nineteenth-century Japan and its art practices.
In the late 1820s, when the writer Ryūtei Tanehiko (1783–1842), the print designer and book illustrator Utagawa Kunisada (1786–1865) and the publisher Tsuruya Kiemon sat down together in Edo to plot the inaugural chapter of the serial novel A Rustic Genji by a Fraudulent Murasaki (Nise Murasaki inaka Genji), it is doubtful that any one of them envisioned that their actions would generate a new genre in Japanese woodblock prints that would flourish until the turn of the century, Genjie (“Genji pictures”). During these sixty years, over 1,300 original designs were created, of which many were very popular at their time of release.
The story of A Rustic Genji, set in fifteenth-century Japan, is in many respects drawn from Murasaki Shikibu’s (c.973–1014/25) classic novel The Tale of Genji from the early eleventh century.
As the foremost collection of prints of this subject, the extensive holdings of Paulette and Jack Lantz provided the majority of images necessary for this publication.
Zu einer pikturalen Logik des Exemplarischen
Series:  Eikones
Die Untersuchung von Strukturen des Exemplarischen ist in den letzten Jahren vermehrt in den Fokus geisteswissenschaftlicher Forschung gerückt, doch wurde es bisher verabsäumt, die besonderen Funktionen von Bildern als Beispielen, Illustrationen und Exempla in systematischer und historischer Perspektive zu thematisieren. Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Publikation steht die Frage, wie Bilder – sowohl in der Rolle von konkreten Artefakten als auch von »theoretischen Objekten« – in epistemologische, kunsttheoretische, psychoanalytische und philosophische Diskurse eingebunden sind. Die Grundannahme des Bandes lautet, dass im diskursiven Umgang mit Bildern eine Logik des Exemplarischen vorherrschend ist, welche die Allgemeinheit der Argumente an die konkrete Gegebenheit eines Anschaulichen bindet. »Logik« ist dabei in einem weiten, inklusiven Sinn zu verstehen, der die lange Tradition der Rhetorik ebenso umfasst wie Immanuel Kants Überlegungen zum reflexiven ästhetischen Urteil.

We experimentally investigated whether intraspecific and intersexual attraction (or avoidance) by chemical signals may bias newt trapping success. We installed commercially available fish funnel traps which are often used in newt monitoring studies. We tested if capture rates differed between traps with or without newts. One experimental trap set comprised five traps, one trap being empty and four traps containing one male or female Lissotriton vulgaris or Ichthyosaura alpestris, respectively. Capture rates of newts of neither species nor sex was significantly affected by the presence of a particular newt species or sex in the traps, compared to control traps without newts. Trapping success thus seems not to be biased beyond random effects.

In: Amphibia-Reptilia