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This review essay considers the use of social memory theory in two monographs on the gospels, and the extent to which that theory aids their arguments and conclusions. In the case of Jesus’ Literacy: Scribal Culture and the Teacher from Galilee, by Chris Keith, I argue that the author uses social memory theory to provide a helpful account of what historians do, but that his conclusion could stand without explicit appeal to his theoretical understanding. In the case of Q in Matthew: Ancient Media, Memory, and Early Scribal Transmission of the Jesus Tradition, by Alan Kirk, I argue that his use of social memory theory, alongside his account of individual neurobiological memory and cognitive processes, is a vital part of the argument that he presents.

In: Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus

Abstract

What ought we to make of Aristotle's apparently disparate comments on bodies in motion? I argue that Aristotle is concerned with a higher level project than dynamics and that is the establishment of a coherent theory of change in general. This theory is designed to avoid the paradoxes and infinities that Aristotle finds in Eleatic, Heraclitean and atomist accounts, notably in relation to comparatives such as 'quicker' and 'slower'. This theory relies on a broad application of proportionality to all types of change, not merely those we would label 'dynamics'. To support this I argue that Aristotle denied the existence of the void and the possibility of instantaneous change, and that he could accommodate 'threshold' changes within his scheme. If this is so, then the aims of Aristotle's comments on motion become more comprehensible, and it will be understandable why Aristotle was more concerned with the application of proportionality in general rather with the investigation of specific cases in dynamics.

In: Early Science and Medicine
In: Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies
Ancient texts, once written by hand on parchment and papyrus, are now increasingly discoverable online in newly digitized editions, and their readers now work online as well as in traditional libraries. So what does this mean for how scholars may now engage with these texts, and for how the disciplines of biblical, Jewish and Christian studies might develop? These are the questions that contributors to this volume address. Subjects discussed include textual criticism, palaeography, philology, the nature of ancient monotheism, and how new tools and resources such as blogs, wikis, databases and digital publications may transform the ways in which contemporary scholars engage with historical sources. Contributors attest to the emergence of a conscious recognition of something new in the way that we may now study ancient writings, and the possibilities that this new awareness raises.
In: Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies
In: Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies
In: Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies

Abstract

To increase the efficiency of breeding peanuts resistant to Meloidogyne arenaria, we determined the utility of two RFLP loci linked to a single gene for resistance in identifying individuals putatively homozygous for resistance. DNA was extracted from leaf samples collected from each of 548 individuals from three segregating BC7F2:4 breeding populations (TP293-3-3, TP296-4 and TP301-1-8). The DNA was then digested with Eco RI, and Southern blotted to Hybond-N+ membranes. The membranes were probed with the RFLP probe R2430E, the autoradiographs scored for resistance genotype, then stripped and re-probed with the probe R2545E. Samples from which no data were obtained due to problems in extraction, digestion, or hybridization ranged from a low of 14.4% for TP301-1-8 probed with R2430E to a high of 38.9% for TP296-4-4 probed with R2545E. Locus R2430 identified 27.6, 65.1 and 29.5% of populations TP293-3-3, TP296-4-4 and TP301-1-8, respectively, as being homozygous for resistance. The second locus, R2545E, identified 24.5, 50 and 23.5%, respectively, of these populations as homozygous for resistance. In glasshouse tests of nematode reproduction on progeny of individuals identified as homozygous for resistance based on RFLP patterns, all 15 individuals of each of the 11 single plant progeny lines tested were resistant. Conversely, all progeny from an individual identified as susceptible to M. arenaria based on RFLP patterns supported high levels of nematode reproduction. Utilisation de marqueurs RFLP pour l'identification d'individus homozygotes pour la résistance envers Meloidogyne arenaria chez l'arachide - Pour accroître l'efficacité dans les croisements d'arachides résistantes à Meloidogyne arenaria, nous avons démontré l'utilité de deux loci RFLP liés à un seul gène de résistance en identifiant des individus potentiellement homozygotes pour cette résistance. L'ADN a été extrait d'échantillons de feuilles prélevés sur chacun des 548 individus provenant de trois populations appartenant à des croisements séparant BC7F2:4 (TP293-3-3, TP296-4-4 et TP301-1-8). L'AND été ensuite digéré par ECO RI et transferré par Southern blotting sur des membranes Hybond-N+. Ces membranes ont été sondées grâce à une sonde RFLP (CE243OE), les autoradiographies repérées pour le génotype de résistance, puis dépouillées et sondées à nouveau à l'aide de la sonde R243OE. Les échantillons ne fournissant aucune donnée - cela dß à des problèmes d'extraction, de digestion ou d'hybridisation - représentent de 14,4% pour la population TP-301-1-8 sondée par R2430E à 38,9% pour la population TP296-4-4 sondée par R2545E. Le locus R2430 a identifié 27,6, 65,1 et 29,5% des populations TP293-3-3, TP296-4-4 et TP3O1-1-8, respectivement, comme homozygotes pour la résistance. Le second locus, R2545E, a identifié 24,5, 50 et 23,5%, respectivement, de ces trois populations comme homozygotes pour la résistance. Lors d'expériences en serre concernant la reproduction du nématode sur la descendance d'individus identifiés, sur la base de profils RFLP, comme hymozygotes pour la résistance, chacun des 15 individus de chacune des 11 lignées monoparentales testées se sont montrés résistants. A l'inverse, tous les descendants d'un individu identifié, sur la base des profils RFLP, comme sensible à M. arenaria, permettent un taux élevé de reproduction du nématode.

In: Nematology
In: Holistic Qumran