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In: Baghdād
In: Crossroads
Series Editor:
Edited by Angela Schottenhammer, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium

This series focuses on the manifold commercial, human, political-diplomatic and scientific interactions that took place across the continental (overland) and maritime Silk Routes. This includes exchanges of ideas, knowledge, religions, and the transfer of cultural traditions, including forms of migration. Geographically speaking the series covers networks (or routes) across the Eurasian continent, the broader Indian Ocean (from East Asia as far as Africa), and the Asia-Pacific world, that is, trans-Pacific connections from Asia to the American continent. A special interest lies in the history of science and technology and knowledge transfer along and across these routes.
The series focuses particularly on historical topics but contemporary studies are also welcome.
The book investigates China’s relations to the outside world between ca. 100 BCE and 1800 AD. In contrast to most histories of the Silk Roads, the focus of this book clearly lies on the maritime Silk Road and on the period between Tang and high Qing, selecting aspects that have so far been neglected in research on the history of China’s relations with the outside world. The author examines, for example, the power alliance between the Tang and the Arabs during Tang times, the specific role of fanbing 蕃兵 (frontier tribal troops) during Song times, the interrelationship between maritime commerce, military expansion, and environmental factors during the Yuan, the question of whether or not early Ming China can be considered a (proto-)colonialist country, the role force and violence played during the Zheng He expeditions, and what role of the Asia-Pacific world played for late Ming and early Qing rulers.


Many Chinese historians and politicians consider the Zheng He expeditions as voyages meant to establish peaceful relations with foreign countries. Although, in contrast with European overseas expansion, it was not in the interest of the Chinese emperor and his government to colonialize foreign countries, this does not mean that relations were peaceful. Subordination of neighbouring countries to the Ming court and their acceptance of Ming China’s claim to cultural, ideological and political superiority in the macro region—the implementation of a “pax Ming” in other words—was fully intended. The present article discusses Zheng He’s and the Ming court’s dealing with Chen Zuyi 陳祖義, an “inconvenient” local (“pirate”) leader of Chinese origins dominating parts of the Malacca/Melaka Straits, the use of violence in the implementation of official Ming goals and the ideological transfiguration and (re)interpretation of the Ming court’s own interests in Chinese historical sources.

In: China and Asia
In: The Emporium of the World
Maritime Quanzhou, 1000–-1400
This volume, by offering a score of new insights derived from a wide variety of recent archaeological and textual sources, bring to life an important overseas trading port in Southeast Asia: Quanzhou. During the Song and Yuan dynasties active official and unofficial engagement in trade had formative effects on the development of the maritime trade of Quanzhou and its social and economic position both regionally and supraregionally.
In the first part subjects such as the impact of the Song imperial clan and the local élites on these developments, the economic importance of metals, coins, paper money, and changes in the political economy, are amply discussed.
The second part concentrates on the quantitative and qualitative analysis of archaeological data and materials, the investigation of commodities from China, their origins, distribution and final destinations, the use of foreign labour, and the particular role of South Thailand in trade connections, thus supplying the hard data underlying the main argument of the book.
An Interdisciplinary Journal of Asian Interactions
Editors-in-Chief: and
Crossroads is designed as an international forum for contributions related to the analysis of exchange relations, connections and interactions across the Asian world. The “Asian World” in this context connotes not only the (Eur-)Asian continent and countries in adjacent maritime spaces, such as the Indian Ocean or the Asia-Pacific, but regions elsewhere that are connected to Asia through trade, politics, science and knowledge transfer, diffusion of ideas, culture, migration, etc. These connections can be continental (overland) or maritime (overseas), bilateral or multilateral, as well as empirical or imaginary. The journal welcomes contributions that offer new insights into the history of Asian connections and interactions, employing disciplinary or interdisciplinary frameworks, analysing archaeological, textual, oral, visual, or other sources, and can range from historical studies to contemporary topics.

The journal was formerly entitled Crossroads — Studies on the History of Exchange Relations in the East Asian World, edited by Angela Schottenhammer, sponsored by the German Research Council (DFG, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and published by Ostasien Verlag, Gossenberg, between 2010 and 2018. The journal archive by 2018 is freely downloadable here.

纵横学刊的宗旨是成为一个国际论坛,为分析整个亚洲世界的交换关系、联系和互动作出贡献。在这个语境中,“亚洲世界”不仅意味着位于(欧洲-)亚洲大陆和毗邻海洋空间的国家,例如印度洋或亚太地区,还意味着通过贸易、政治、科学、知识转移、思想传播、文化、移民等形式与亚洲相连的其他地区。这些联系包括大陆(陆上)或海上(海外)的联系,双边或多边的联系,也包括经验的或想象的联系。 本刊欢迎踊跃来稿,稿件内容应能为亚洲联系与互动史提供新见解,应用专业或跨学科框架,分析考古发现、文本资料、口述史料、视觉材料或其他来源,研究范围从历史研究到当代主题俱可。
『クロスロード』は、アジア世界における相互間交流とその影響を分析・研究し、国際的な場での討論・意見交換を行うことを目的としたジャーナルです。このジャーナルで意味する「アジア世界」とは、アジア(あるいは、ユーラシア)大陸, インド洋やアジア太平洋などの隣接する海域諸国だけでなく、貿易、政治、科学、知識の伝達、アイデアの拡散、文化、移民など通じてアジアと交流関係を持つ地域すべてをも含みます。これらの交流関係は、大陸(陸路)または海上(海路)、二国間または多国間、経験的または想像を通して行われてきました。このジャーナルは、専門的な観点から、または、学際的な枠組みの観点から、考古学、テキスト、オーラル(oral)、ビジュアル(visual)、さらに、その他の関連資料を分析し、歴史研究から現代に関するトピックスに至るまで、アジアとの繋がりと相互間交流の歴史に対して、新しい視点を提示する論考の寄稿を歓迎いたします。
『크로스로드』는 아시아 세계의 교류관계, 연결 및 상호 작용을 분석하는 연구들을 증진하기 위한 국제적 학술포럼입니다. 여기서 “아시아 세계”란 아시아 (혹은 유라시아) 대륙 및 인도양이나 아시아 태평양 등의 인접 해양 지대에 있는 국가들을 비롯해, 무역, 정치, 과학과 지식의 전파, 사상과 문화의 확산, 이주 등을 통해 연결된 모든 지역을 포괄합니다. 이들의 교류관계는 실제적 관계 혹은 상상을 통한 연결, 대륙 (육로) 또는 해상 (해로) 공간을 통한 교류, 양자 간 또는 다자간 연결관계를 모두 포함합니다. 연구 범위로 역사 연구로부터 현대에 관련된 주제를 망라하는 이 저널은 전문분야 혹은 학제 간 연구방법을 활용하고 고고학, 문서, 구두, 미술 사료 등의 다양한 사료의 분석을 통해 아시아 사회들의 교류 및 상호작용의 역사에 대한 새로운 통찰력을 제공하는 논문의 기고를 환영합니다.
يهدف مجلة مفترق الطرق إلى تشكيل منتدى دولي مفتوح للمساهمات الباحثيين الذين يحللون التبادلات، العلاقات و الاتصالات عبر العالم الآسيوي. في هذا السياق لا يشير مفهوم "العالم الآسيوي" إلى القارة الآسيوية والدول البحرية المجاورة في المحيطي الهندي والهادئ فقط ، بل إلى مناطق أخرى مرتبطة بآسيا عبر التجارة، السياسة، التبادل العلمي و المعرفي و نشر الأفكار و الثقافة و الحركات الهجرية و غيرها من الاتصالات أيضاً، الاتصالات برية أم بحريةً كانت أم بحرية، ثنائية أم متعددة الأطراف، واقعية أم خيالية.
ترحب مجلة مفترق الطرق بمقالات تقدم رؤى جديدة في تاريخ الاتصالات والتفاعلات الآسيوية، معتمدةً على تخصصات معينة كما على تخصصات متعددة، و تقوم بتحليل المصادر الأثرية، النصية، الشفوية و البصرية و بكل من الدراسات التأريخية الماضية و المعاصرة.
کراس رودز به منظور یک هم‌اندیشی بین المللی طرح ریزی شده است و به تحلیلِ تعاملات و تبادلات آسیایی می‌پردازد. »جهانِ آسیا« در این زمینه نه تنها به قاره‌ی اوراسیا و کشورهای مجاور آب‌هایی چون اقیانوس هند یا آسیا و اقیانوسیه ، بلکه شامل دیگر مناطقی که از طریق روابط تجاری، سیاسی، علمی و انتقالات علمی، اشاعه‌ی ایده‌ها، فرهنگ، مهاجرت و غیره به آسیا گره خورده‌اند، نیز اطلاق می‌شود. این ارتباطات می‌توانند به صورت قاره‌ای (زمینی) یا دریایی، دو جانبه یا چندجانبه و همچنین اکتسابی و یا حتی خیالی باشند. این ژورنال از مشارکت‌هایی که بینش و دریچه‌ای تازه در خصوص تاریخچه‌ی ارتباطات و تعاملات آسیایی می‌گشایند، چه به صورت رشته‌ای خاص و یا اندررشته‌ای، تجزیه و تحلیل منابع باستان شناسی، متون کتبی، شفاهی، تصویری و یا سایرمنابعِ علمی استقبال کرده و می‌تواند ازمطالعات تاریخی تا مباحث معاصر سرچشمه بگیرد.
Цели и задачи Crossroads: междисциплинарного журнала о взаимодействиях в Азии Crossroads создан как международная платформа для сотрудничества, связанного с анализом товарных отношений, контактов и взаимодействий в азиатском мире. Понятие «азиатский мир» в этом контексте относится не только к (Евр)азийскому континенту и странам в прилегающем морском пространстве, таком как Индийский океан или Азиатско-Тихоокеанский регион, но и к другим регионам, которые связаны с Азией через торговлю, политику, науку и обмен знаниями, распространение идей, культуры, миграцию и т.д. Эти связи могут быть как по суше (сухопутные пути), так и по морю (морские пути), двусторонними или многосторонними, а также практическими или гипотетическими. Журнал приглашает к публикации работы, предлагающие новый взгляд на историю связей и взаимодействий в Азии в рамках одной или нескольких дисциплин, анализ археологических, текстологических, устных, визуальных и других источников, и которые могут варьироваться от исторических исследований до современных тем.
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