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Résumé

Les décennies 1950-1960 constituent un tournant pour les multiples sociétés missionnaires implantées en Égypte depuis le XIX e siècle. De nombreuses missions se retirent du pays pour laisser la place à des Églises qu’ elles ont elles-mêmes contribué à créer. D’ autres ordres parviennent, au prix de plusieurs réajustements, à assurer leur présence. Cet article interroge les restructurations à l’ œuvre dans une mission italienne – la mission salésienne – et la manière dont elle relève le défi de l’ arabisation. Au-delà des stratégies d’ adaptation d’ une mission catholique dans l’ Égypte nassérienne, cet article propose une réflexion sur l’ évolution des formes et des contenus de l’ action missionnaire durant deux décennies.

In: Social Sciences and Missions

Abstract

Starting from the premise that school is a ‘major site of masculinity formation’ (Connell, 1996), this article studies the construction of boyhood in the industrial schools of the Salesian mission in Egypt between 1900 and 1939. Analysis of the teaching tools and methods, and of the processes of conformity used in these schools run by Italian missionaries, reveals that they became forums for confrontation and negotiation between different models of masculinity. This article uses the case study of the Salesian schools to shed new light on the interconnections between missionary programmes, fascist imperialism and schooling strategies of the pupils and their families. Ultimately, it seeks to demonstrate how missionary schools contributed to the gendered construction of technical expertise and industrial education in Egypt.

In: Social Sciences and Missions
Connected and decompartmentalised perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa (19th-21st century)
Based on a connected, relational and multidisciplinary approach (history, ethnography, political science, and theology), Mission and Preaching tackles the notion of mission through the analysis of preaching activities and religious dynamics across Christianity, Islam and Judaism, in the Middle East and North Africa, from the late 19th century until today. The 13 chapters reveal points of contact, exchange, and circulation, considering the MENA region as a central observatory. The volume offers a new chronology of the missionary phenomenon and calls for further cross-cutting approaches to decompartmentalise it, arguing that these approaches constitute useful entry points to shed new light on religious dynamics and social transformations in the MENA region.

Contributors
Necati Alkan, Federico Alpi, Gabrielle Angey, Armand Aupiais, Katia Boissevain, Naima Bouras, Philippe Bourmaud, Gaetan du Roy, Séverine Gabry-Thienpont, Maria-Chiara Giorda, Bernard Heyberger, Emir Mahieddin, Michael Marten, Norig Neveu, Maria Chiara Rioli, Karène Sanchez Summerer, Heather Sharkey, Ester Sigillò, Sébastien Tank Storper, Emanuela Trevisan Semi, Annalaura Turiano and Vincent Vilmain.
In: Missions and Preaching