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Volume Editor: Anne Regourd
The nine contributions in The Trade in Papers Marked with non-Latin Characters initiated by Anne Regourd (ed.) approach global history through the paper trade. They cover, in addition to a paper used in 14th C Persia, papers used in Africa (Ethiopia, Nigeria, Tunisia) and Asia (the Ottoman Levant, Mecca, Persia, Russia, and Yemen) during the 19th-20th C. Primarily based on paper examination and quantitative data, the book invites us to treat papers as a source, and provides tools to determine the production of manuscripts in space and time for the area of interest. This methodology offers new insights on the competition between suppliers to the various markets particularly in respect of the emergence of import-export trading companies.

Le commerce des papiers à marques à caractères non-latins, dont Anne Regourd (éd.) est à l'initiative, a pour projet de traiter d'histoire globale par le commerce du papier. Les neuf contributions réunies ici font apparaître un premier exemple de ce papier, persan, dès le xive s. sous les Moẓaffarides et, principalement, des papiers utilisés en Afrique (Éthiopie, Nigéria, Tunisie) et en Asie (Levant ottoman, La Mecque, Perse, Russie et Yémen), aux xixe et xxe s. S'appuyant sur l'observation des papiers et des données quantitatives, le livre invite à prendre le support de l'écrit comme source de l'histoire du commerce et donne des instruments pour déterminer la production de manuscrits dans l'espace et le temps pour une aire définie. Cette méthode renouvelle notre connaissance de l'approvisionnement des marchés, avec, en particulier, l'apparition de compagnies d'import-export.

Contributors are: Michaelle Biddle, Evyn Kropf, Anne Regourd, Francis Richard, Alice Shafi-Leblanc, Jan Just Witkam, Olga Yastrebova. Foreword by Anna-Grethe Rischel.
In: Amulets and Talismans of the Middle East and North Africa in Context
In: The Yemeni Manuscript Tradition
In: Documents and the History of the Early Islamic World
In: Documents and the History of the Early Islamic World
In: Documents and the History of the Early Islamic World
Author: Anne Regourd

Abstract

We showed in a previous study that a paper “Bombay”, which had come to Yemen, probably through Aden, was manufactured in England and then distributed by an Indian merchant. The hypothesis was put forward that the network of these Indian distributors extended to Ethiopia (Harar), albeit indirectly. A series of papers discovered in the spring of 2015 allows us to confirm the presence in the city of Harar of papers manufactured in the West for Indian merchants, and to attempt to reconstruct their trade route.

In: The Trade in Papers Marked with Non-Latin Characters / Le commerce des papiers à marques à caractères non-latins
Author: Anne Regourd

Abstract

This is a statistically-based study that seeks to identify the period during which the various papers Abū Šubbāk were used in Yemen and Ethiopia. They have been classified according to a typology based on the description of internal marks of the paper. It shows that, in the first half of the twentieth century, these papers were far from being ‘exotic’ but were commonplace, and were a well-known product in the countries of the Red Sea where the copying of manuscripts was still carried on. Several papers shared the market, and some of the manufacturers, among them the famous Italian firm of Galvani, were Western. The area was served by more than one entry point, but the study focuses on the indirect and above all internal routes of the papers to which manuscripts offer privileged access.

In: The Trade in Papers Marked with Non-Latin Characters / Le commerce des papiers à marques à caractères non-latins
Author: Anne Regourd

Abstract

This is a statistically-based study that seeks to identify the period during which the various papers Abū Šubbāk were used in Yemen and Ethiopia. They have been classified according to a typology based on the description of internal marks of the paper. It shows that, in the first half of the twentieth century, these papers were far from being ‘exotic’ but were commonplace, and were a well-known product in the countries of the Red Sea where the copying of manuscripts was still carried on. Several papers shared the market, and some of the manufacturers, among them the famous Italian firm of Galvani, were Western. The area was served by more than one entry point, but the study focuses on the indirect and above all internal routes of the papers to which manuscripts offer privileged access.

In: The Trade in Papers Marked with Non-Latin Characters / Le commerce des papiers à marques à caractères non-latins
Author: Anne Regourd

Abstract

We showed in a previous study that a paper “Bombay”, which had come to Yemen, probably through Aden, was manufactured in England and then distributed by an Indian merchant. The hypothesis was put forward that the network of these Indian distributors extended to Ethiopia (Harar), albeit indirectly. A series of papers discovered in the spring of 2015 allows us to confirm the presence in the city of Harar of papers manufactured in the West for Indian merchants, and to attempt to reconstruct their trade route.

In: The Trade in Papers Marked with Non-Latin Characters / Le commerce des papiers à marques à caractères non-latins