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Author: Anthony Grafton

The history of early Christianity began in comparison: comparison of Christian practices with what was known about the practices of ancient Roman priests, and with what was known — or thought to be known — about the practices of Jews in the Second Temple. These comparisons helped to inspire the larger enterprise of comparative study of religion in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. But they also helped to inspire ecclesiastical historians to look directly and seriously at the Jewish world in which Jesus lived and worked. As knowledge of rabbinical Judaism grew, comparison also led to a growing awareness that Christianity grew from Jewish roots, and that it had incorporated into its core practices many elements of Jewish worship.

In: Erudition and the Republic of Letters
In: Humanism and Creativity in the Renaissance
In: Jewish Books and their Readers
Author: Anthony Grafton

Abstract: Histories of the modern regime of comparison—of systematic comparison of societies and cultures—often locate its origins in the European Enlightenment. Some argue that its underwent a crisis in the nineteenth-century heyday of comparison. This article argues that such regimes have taken many forms in historical and social thought. Some Renaissance comparatists did fasten on small details rather than larger structures, and some nineteenth-century savants insisted on the uniqueness of every culture and society. But a rich comparative literature of law flourished in the sixteenth century, and a rich comparative literature on language in the nineteenth century. The history of comparison remains to be written, and different domains of compan await comparison with one another.

In: Regimes of Comparatism
In: Et Amicorum: Essays on Renaissance Humanism and Philosophy
In: Labourers in the Vineyard of the Lord
In: Isaac Vossius (1618-1689) between Science and Scholarship
A Facsimile Edition of a Heavily Annotated Copy Held in Princeton University Library
Authors: Anthony Grafton and Urs Leu
The humanists of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries took a passionate interest in Livy’s History of Rome. No one studied the text more intensively than the Swiss scholar Henricus Glareanus, who not only held lectures on different Roman historians at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau, but also drew up chronological tables for ancient history, which were printed several times in Basle, sometimes together with Livy’s History. Glareanus annotated his personal copy of the chronological tables and invited his students to copy his marginal notes into their own copies of the book. Three of these copies survived, and give new insight into Glareanus’s practices as a scholar and teacher. The notes they contain—and the way in which Glareanus used them as a teacher—are distinctive, and neither has had much attention in the past from historians of reading. This volume presents facsimile reproductions of the tables from one of the surviving copies, now kept in Princeton University Library. The high-quality reproductions include transcriptions of the handwritten notes, unlocking Glareanus’s teachings for a new generation of students and researchers.