Edited by John Bowen and Arskal Salim
Euis Nurlaelawati and Arskal Salim
The purpose of this chapter is to provide readers with an understanding of the process by which women were incorporated into the Indonesian legal system. It is noteworthy to say that the incorporation process has been long and, at times, uneasy. The engagement of women in Indonesia’s Islamic judicial system started six decades ago with a small number, and then increased over time to include several important roles and positions in the religious court system. Based on empirical data collected from three religious courts of first instance and on judgment analysis, this chapter assesses the factors that have an impact on the way male and female judges display gender sensitivity in their dealings with female litigants. An important conclusion is that female judges do not always make a difference.