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Abstract

4Q69 consists of two small papyrus fragments treating to Isa 5:28–30. Following Raffaella Cribiore’s criterion for identification of scribal exercises, an analysis of the textual variants to which the 4Q69 fragments attest will serve as a platform for exploring why the scribe(s) chose papyrus instead of parchment as his medium, the implications of the scroll’s column width, and the significance of its semi-cursive script and calligraphic traits. Engaging in a holistic assessment of the scroll’s purpose and use, this paper submits that rather than constituting a complete copy of the biblical book of Isaiah, it is a partial copy for use as a scribal exercise of a mid-level student. It thus sheds light on the educational process underlying the production of 4Q69 as the importance attached to the book of Isaiah during the Second Temple period and the book’s distinctive, authoritative status.

In: Dead Sea Discoveries
Scholars working with ancient scrolls seek ways to extract maximum information from the multitude of fragments. Various methods were applied to that end on the Dead Sea Scrolls as well as on other ancient texts. The present book augments these methods to a full-scale protocol, while adapting them to a new computerized environment. Fundamental methodological issues are illuminated as part of the discussion, and the potential margin of error is provided on an empirical basis, as practiced in the sciences. The method is then exemplified with regard to the scroll 4Q418a, a copy of a wisdom composition from Qumran.
In: Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls
In: Material and Digital Reconstruction of Fragmentary Dead Sea Scrolls