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From 1945 to 1949, Munich was the center of a refugee nation consisting of a total of about 250,000 Jewish displaced persons (DPs), the majority of whom were in the American occupation zone. The DPs living in camps, who described themselves as the surviving remnant (sheʾerit ha-pletah) of East European Jewry, were both Jews freed in Germany in 1945 and stateless Jews who had fled to the American occupation zone because of the renewed antisemitism in Eastern Europe. The city also housed the headquarters of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the American Zone, several major Jewish and international relief agencies, and a number of semi-autonomous DP and Zionist facilities. Paradoxically, Bavaria and the former “capital” of the National Socialist movement thus formed a nucleus of the State of Israel.

in Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Cultures Online

Von 1945 bis 1949 bildete München das Zentrum einer aus insgesamt etwa 250 000 jüdischen Displaced Persons (DPs) bestehenden und sich mehrheitlich in der amerikanischen Besatzungszone aufhaltenden Flüchtlingsnation. Bei den zu einem großen Teil in Lagern lebenden DPs, die sich selbst als der überlebende Rest ( she’erit ha-pleta) des osteuropäischen Judentums bezeichneten, handelte es sich sowohl um 1945 in Deutschland befreite als auch um heimatlose Juden, die vor dem neuerlichen Antisemitismus im östlichen Europa in die amerikanische Besatzungszone flüchteten. Zudem beherbergte die Stadt das Hauptquartier des Jüdischen Zentralkomitees der befreiten Juden in der amerikanischen Zone, mehrere größere jüdische und internationale Hilfswerke sowie eine Reihe halbautonomer DP- und zionistischer Einrichtungen. So bildeten paradoxerweise gerade Bayern und die frühere »Hauptstadt« der nationalsozialistischen Bewegung eine Keimzelle des Staats Israel.

in Enzyklopädie jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur
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