Aziz Al-Azmeh


This chapter considers the historical credibility of attempts in current scholarship to connect the Qurʾan to Jewish, Christian and Judaeo-Christian scriptures and scripture-related literature. It proposes that the evident connections between the Muslim scripture and previous scriptures is over-interpreted and that there is often recourse to unnecessary and uneconomical conceptual, historical and impressionistic assumptions. The chapter argues that the genesis of the Qurʾanic text is best approached from its immediate milieu and with regard to its concrete Sitz im Leben, and that non-textual factors, often obscured by too singular an attention on the written text, play an important role in the constitution of the Qurʾan.