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Author: Baudouin Dupret

Abstract

This essay focuses on the ways in which social actors produce morality and moral boundaries within the framework of Egyptian tribunals. I first examine how public and sexual morality emerge as topics and are treated in the legal and judicial arena. After summarizing three Egyptian cases dealing with sex-change operations and female circumcision, I attempt to deduce some of the motivations—egoistic, ethical, and political—that impel actors to use the judiciary. I argue that legal rules interact with moral principles within the judge's work and that many standards, including that of Islamic normativity, emerge in the course of the adjudicative process. It is up to professional jurists to interpret the content of these moral principles, and, as a result, legal actors have the final word with regard to their definition and implementation.

In: Islamic Law and Society
Author: Baudouin Dupret

Abstract

L'examen de la jurisprudence de la Haute Cour Constitutionnelle égyptienne révèle que, dans un premier temps, cette juridiction a eu tendance, quand elle était saisie de dispositions supposées contraires a l'article 2 de la Constitution (la sharīʿa est la source de la législation), à ne pas s'engager sur le terrain de son interprétation. Il n'en va plus de même aujourd'hui. C'est ainsi qu'en 1993, distinguant entre règles de la sharīʿa dont la filiation et la signification sont concluantes et règles autorisant le raisonnement individuel, la Haute Cour a posé le principe d'un contrôle limité au respect du premier type de règles. L'arrêt dont on propose ici la traduction se situe dans cette ligne jurisprudentielle. Au départ d'un contentieux portant sur une question de pension alimentaire, il confirme la définition de principe adoptée par la Cour. Ce texte retiendra l'attention pour sa valeur documentaire et comme matériau constitutif d'une démarche tenant davantage à la sociologie et à l'anthropologie du droit.

In: Islamic Law and Society
In: After Orientalism
In: Law and Property in Algeria

Abstract

If the legal status of women wishing to end an unhappy marriage has undoubtedly improved through the codification process of personal status law in Egypt in the twentieth century, it still remains very unequal in comparison to the privileges enjoyed by men in that field. Moreover, the practical effects of these legal reforms can be questioned. This chapter will study marriage breakups in Egypt through both legal and sociological approaches. Legal texts governing family law will first be examined to expose the different ways marriage can be broken up and how the reforms were legitimated by reference to sharî'a principles. Then the various obstacles that impede the effective implementation of these reforms will be exposed, to stress that the study of law should capture the language of law in action and not only of law in books.

In: Hawwa