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  • Author or Editor: Bertie G. Ramcharan x
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In: International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms
In: International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms
In: International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms
Ever since its creation, the United Nations has sought to protect as well as to promote human rights. Those who campaigned for decades for the establishment of the post of High Commissioner for Human Rights did so in the hope that the High Commissioner would spearhead the efforts of the United Nations and the international community to protect those at risk or whose rights are being violated. How has the High Commissioner contributed to international protection since the establishment of the office in 1993?
This book, the first-ever written on the office since its establishment, presents the protection role of the High Commissioner. It argues that limited protection functions are carried out by the Security Council, the Secretary-General, the Commission on Human Rights and its special procedures, and the High Commissioner. However, international protection is still in its infancy and much more remains to be done to bring about a protection system that effectively anticipates and prevents gross violations, contributes to mitigation and cure, and facilitates remedies and compensation.
This is a valuable pioneering work in the area of the international protection of human rights.
The human rights idea is shaping the contemporary world. At long last, human rights are being given the prominence they deserve by the organs of the international community dealing with questions of peace and security as well as with development.
How is the Security Council dealing with human rights imperatives? What does it see as the place of human rights in conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding? How does it address the quest for justice in the face of gross violations of human rights?
These and other similar questions are addressed in this book, the first of its kind on the human rights role of the Security Council in the post cold-war world. It is a compelling account of the human rights dimensions of the work of the Security Council.
In contemporary international relations the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights is a central actor, promoting human rights laws and institutions within countries, speaking out against gross violations of human rights, integrating human rights into efforts for conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, development and humanitarian affairs.
The author exercised the functions of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in a turbulent period involving the conflict in Iraq, the conflict in Cote d'Ivoire, and the crisis in Darfur, Sudan. In this unique work he tells the story of the role of the High Commissioner in leadership and advocacy, crisis response, diplomatic initiatives, mainstreaming human rights, and strengthening the Office of High Commissioner. The texts of the principal reports referred to the essays contained in Part One are reproduced in Part Two, offering the reader important insights into the reasoning, the methods and the techniques used in the work of the High Commissioner. This is the first book ever written by a serving High Commissioner in the history of the institution. It is obligatory reading for all students and practitioners of human rights.
This book provides dramatic evidence of the principle of legality at work in international human rights institutions during the past half-century. It brings together scattered legal opinions from the early years of the United Nations and renders a great service in chronicling the practice of international law in a vital domain. It is itself a labour of love, having been assembled piece-by-piece over several years.
Legal advisers in international organizations and those interested in the craftsmanship of international human rights law will find it indispensable. Those whose vision is to see international human rights law triumph over partisan politicking in international organizations will find a wealth of examples of patient advocacy of the principles of legality and due process. Some of the legal opinions reproduced are stunning for their courage and cogency. No international human rights lawyer should be without this book.
Massive, shocking violations of human rights are taking place in conflicts, crises, and emergencies around the world. There is broad agreement that human rights must be protected in the field, on the ground, where prople are vulnerable. But how is this to be done? There is a crisis of protection world-wide. Human rights and humanitarian organizations are in a quandry. They have all sounded the alarm. But how can protection be extended to those at risk, whether it be children, women, civilians, non-combattants, or the victims of oppression and violence? This is one of the first books to examine the need for protection in the field, survey the experiences of the different human rights and humanitarian organizations, and assess what works and what does not work.
For the most part it reveals, sadly, a crisis in protection efforts in the field. But in doing so, it will, hopefully, spur on greater efforts for strengthened protection in the field. More effective protection of human rights is its quest.
This book is truly unique in that it presents a series of cases in which conflict prevention efforts have been successful at the United Nations and in other international organizations. It presents detailed case studies of the methods used and the diplomacy applied to head off conflicts or to contain them swiftly. Some of the chapters are riveting in their details. The book is the first on conflict prevention as actually applied in practice. It gives a convincingly positive answer to the question: 'Does conflict prevention work in practice?'.It does!
The book also contains up-to-date accounts of the policies and practices of early warning and preventive action in a series of international and regional organizations, including ASEAN, the African Union, IGAD and the United Nations. Practice is thus presented alongside evolving policies and programmes.
The book deals not only with efforts to prevent conflicts but also to head off gross violations of human rights - an urgent challenge of our times.
As Professor Paul Kennedy of Yale University writes in his Foreword, the excellent essays in this volume make it a truly valuable book. At a time when the United Nations is searching for the way forward, this book provides valuable leads for the practice of conflict prevention. It is essential reading for peace-builders, peacemakers and human rights practitioners.
One of the more promising developments in global efforts to uphold human rights over the past decade has been the growing role of national human rights institutions. A role for national institutions was foreseen by the United Nations Economic and Social Council as early as 1946 and since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 the Commission on Human Rights and the United Nations Secretariat have sought to promote the role of such institutions. This volume offers a wealth of information on the protection functions of existing national human rights institutions in a wide selection of countries, drawn from Asia, Africa, Europe, Latin America and Oceania. These essays together make clear the genuine striving by national human rights commissions to act for the protection of human rights in the countries they serve, and the variety of protection models that can and are being adopted, both in developed and developing countries.