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The human rights idea is shaping the contemporary world. At long last, human rights are being given the prominence they deserve by the organs of the international community dealing with questions of peace and security as well as with development.
How is the Security Council dealing with human rights imperatives? What does it see as the place of human rights in conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding? How does it address the quest for justice in the face of gross violations of human rights?
These and other similar questions are addressed in this book, the first of its kind on the human rights role of the Security Council in the post cold-war world. It is a compelling account of the human rights dimensions of the work of the Security Council.
Despite the decrease in tension between East and West, the world is still faced by many threats to international security: a deteriorating environment, terrorism, drug trafficking, humanitarian emergencies, serious human rights violations and mass exoduses of populations.
There is a growing need to devote more attention to how these international security challenges can be dealt with; piecemeal approaches and strategies no longer suffice. The interaction of security issues, and their global nature, call for broad and integrated strategies of management and of governance.
States are now discovering that if they are to protect their own interests, they will need to entrust to the international community, through the agency of international organizations, competences for the protection of the common interest and human welfare. The United Nations will be called upon to operate an integrated global watch in the environmental, military, political, economic, social and humanitarian sectors: a system of early-warning can prevent potential political conflicts or humanitarian emergencies.
The present work sheds some light on the principles of international law for the conduct of early-warning and preventive diplomacy, and shows the urgent need for the establishment of a true Global Watch. The world is now threatened by problems never experienced before in the history of the international community, and partnership and cooperation will be crucial if the international security challenges of the future are to be addressed successfully.
One of the more promising developments in global efforts to uphold human rights over the past decade has been the growing role of national human rights institutions. A role for national institutions was foreseen by the United Nations Economic and Social Council as early as 1946 and since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 the Commission on Human Rights and the United Nations Secretariat have sought to promote the role of such institutions. This volume offers a wealth of information on the protection functions of existing national human rights institutions in a wide selection of countries, drawn from Asia, Africa, Europe, Latin America and Oceania. These essays together make clear the genuine striving by national human rights commissions to act for the protection of human rights in the countries they serve, and the variety of protection models that can and are being adopted, both in developed and developing countries.
The implementation of economic, social and cultural rights is a most pressing item on the international human rights agenda. Millions of people go without food, health, shelter, education, work, social security, not because the resources are unavailable to provide for these basic human rights, but because societies are badly governed, or democracy is lacking, or the rule of law is absent, or simply because there is a failure of understanding about how to go about the practical implementation of these rights. In the discussion of this issue and about the implementation of economic, social and cultural rights generally, it is sometimes heard that economic, social and cultural rights are rights of progressive application not capable of judicial determination. This volume seeks to bring together, for the first time, a collection of documents and case-law from different parts of the world, which shows the Courts at work in providing judicial protection of economic, social and cultural rights. One conclusion stands out from these cases: the courts do have a role to play in providing judicial protection of these rights; as the decisions reproduced in this volume make clear: the era of justiciability of economic, social and cultural rights has arrived.
This book is truly unique in that it presents a series of cases in which conflict prevention efforts have been successful at the United Nations and in other international organizations. It presents detailed case studies of the methods used and the diplomacy applied to head off conflicts or to contain them swiftly. Some of the chapters are riveting in their details. The book is the first on conflict prevention as actually applied in practice. It gives a convincingly positive answer to the question: 'Does conflict prevention work in practice?'.It does!
The book also contains up-to-date accounts of the policies and practices of early warning and preventive action in a series of international and regional organizations, including ASEAN, the African Union, IGAD and the United Nations. Practice is thus presented alongside evolving policies and programmes.
The book deals not only with efforts to prevent conflicts but also to head off gross violations of human rights - an urgent challenge of our times.
As Professor Paul Kennedy of Yale University writes in his Foreword, the excellent essays in this volume make it a truly valuable book. At a time when the United Nations is searching for the way forward, this book provides valuable leads for the practice of conflict prevention. It is essential reading for peace-builders, peacemakers and human rights practitioners.
The quest for human security is a defining issue of our times. The international human rights norms define the content of human security. In the contemporary world, it is of the utmost importance to understand the linkages between human rights and human security. The relationship between freedom and security is also a central issue of our times. This is the first book ever to trace the links between human rights and human security. It provides answers to a key question: How does the protection of human rights in the contemporary world contribute to human security and how can one strengthen protection in the future?
Commemorative Volume on the Occasion of the Thirtieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights