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In: Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries: The Interbellum 70‒132 CE
In: Viewing Ancient Jewish Art and Archaeology
In: ‘Go Out and Study the Land’ (Judges 18:2)
Authors: Avner Ecker and Boaz Zissu

Abstract

A clay seal from the collection of the late professor Dan Barag bears an inscription The Boule of Baitolethepha. The village of Baitolethepha (Beit-Nattif/Pella) was the administrative center of a Toparchy in Judea. This seal seems to prove that central toparchy villages, at least in Roman period Judea, had local councils called boulai and that this type of institution was not exclusive to poleis.

In: Journal for the Study of Judaism