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The Muslim Brothers in Europe

Roots and Discourse

Series:

Brigitte Maréchal

This volume provides an overview on the history of the Muslim Brotherhood and the ways its heritage is appropriated by its European members today. They define themselves as the “community of the middle way”, in the centre of Islamic orthodoxy, proposing an ethos and an ideology. However their heritage is composed of many different intellectual strata and these inputs are in tension. The current movement is both powerful and fragile as certain fundamental principles remain respected while many other themes are currently being cautiously questioned. By analysing private interviews and public discourse, this book fills in an important gap in scholarly research. No other in-depth study exists about this little known and reserved but important reference for European Muslims.
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Brigitte Maréchal

From a sociological viewpoint, this article analyses the Muslim Brothers’ organisational complexity and their logics of action in Europe (beyond their role as an active minority). To evoke the coexistence and indeed interactions between their various types of structures, themselves supported by individual memberships in change, the concept movance, which we seek to present here, appears suitable: it allows us to go beyond concepts of movement, organisation, network and field in a Bourdieusian sense of the term in a useful manner, in pointing out the extent to which the Brothers incarnate a relatively open system beyond the tensions internal to their various organised structures: they do not just play at the heart of one and the same arena they endeavour to control, but rather exert their efforts multidirectionally in order to become a reference model for a greater number.

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Jørgen S. Nielsen, Ahmet Alibašić and Brigitte Maréchal

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Islamophobia in Belgium

A Constructed but Effective Phantasm?

Brigitte Maréchal, Celestine Bocquet and Felice Dassetto

This article represents one part of a vast research project undertaken between 2013 and 2015 on the reciprocal views Muslims and non-Muslims in Belgium, and particularly in Brussels, have of one another, and the relationships they maintain. It is above all a question of understanding how reciprocal tensions and adjustments are constructed. The various treatments the topic of Islamophobia receives represent one of them. Hence this article tries to evaluate the attitudes on each side with respect to this societal phenomenal and this concept. In addition to year-long observations carried out in Brussels, it is based on three evenings during which ten privileged interlocutors discussed this topic in-depth. Carried out before the Brussels attacks of March 22nd, 2016, this study provides a better grasp of how anxieties, or even a spiral of reciprocal accusations, are able to develop, and questions the uses of the category Islamophobia and its counterproductive character.

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Muslims in the Enlarged Europe

Religion and Society

Edited by Brigitte Marechal, Stefano Allievi, Felice Dassetto and Jørgen Nielsen

This volume describes the main characteristics of contemporary European Islam. Following an outline of the historical background and some statistics related to the presence of Islam in Europe, the process of growth/ the development of Islam is analysed through religious instruction in educational systems, organisational structures and the forms of political participation by Muslims. In addition to a description of the relationship between European states and Islam in judicial terms, the different types of the inclusion/integration of Islam in European society is studied by looking at the media, the relations between religions, economic and international dimensions, and the manner in which views have changed following the events of September 11. Based on extensive bibliographal research, field studies and specific contributions of scholars, this book provides a rare and useful overall review for a wide public.

Muslims in the Enlarged Europe has been selected by Choice as Outstanding Academic Title (2005).
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Edited by Jørgen Nielsen, Samim Akgönül, Ahmet Alibašić, Hugh Goddard and Brigitte Maréchal

The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe provides an up-to-date account of the situation of Muslims in Europe. Covering 46 countries of Europe in its broader sense, the Yearbook consists of three sections: the first section presents a country-by-country summary of essential data with basic statistics and evaluations of their reliability, surveys of legal status and arrangements, organisations, etc. Data have been brought up to date from the previous volume. The second section contains analysis and research articles on issues and themes of current relevance written by experts in the field. The final section provides reviews of recently published books of significance.

The Yearbook is an important source of reference for government and NGO officials, journalists, and policy makers as well as scholars
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Edited by Jørgen Nielsen, Samim Akgönül, Ahmet Alibašić, Brigitte Maréchal and Christian Moe

The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe provides an up-to-date account of the situation of Muslims in Europe. Covering 46 countries of Europe from the Atlantic to the Urals, the Yearbook consists of three sections: the first section presents a country-by-country summary of essential data with basic statistics with evaluations of their reliability, surveys of legal status and arrangements, organisations, etc. Data have been brought up to date from the first volume. The second section contains analysis and research articles on issues and themes of current relevance written by experts in the field. The final section provides reviews of recently published books of significance.

The Yearbook is an important source of reference for government and NGO officials, journalists, and policy makers as well as researchers
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Series:

Edited by Jorgen Nielsen, Samim Akgönül, Ahmet Alibašic, Brigitte Maréchal and Christian Moe

The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe provides an up-to-date account of the situation of Muslims in Europe. Covering 37 countries of western, central and south-eastern Europe, the Yearbook consists of three sections: the first section presents a country-by-country summary of essential data with basic statistics with evaluations of their reliability, surveys of legal status and arrangements, organizations, etc. providing an annually up-dated reference resource. The second section contains analysis and research articles on issues and themes of current relevance written by experts in the field. The final section provides reviews of recently published books of significance.

The Yearbook is an important source of reference for government and NGO officials, journalists, and policy makers as well as researchers.
No Access

Series:

Edited by Jørgen S. Nielsen, Samim Akgönül, Ahmet Alibašić, Hugh Goddard and Brigitte Maréchal