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In: Mental Disorders in the Classical World
In: Aelius Aristides between Greece, Rome, and the Gods


This paper takes up ancient holism as a significant problem in ancient Greek medicine and philosophy that has to be approached with a critical awareness of modern receptions of ancient Greek medicine and science as naively vitalist, and of ancient Greece, more broadly, as the site of a pure, unified form of life. I argue that viewing questions of part and whole within the living being from the perspective of sympathy (sumpatheia) can help us articulate the major conceptual axes operative within ancient holism as a problem. I begin by situating the inquiry into ancient holism both in relationship to a history of scholarship on ancient Greek medicine and science that has focused on cultural and historical difference, and in relationship to the contested status of ancient, or premodern, ‘life’ within continental philosophy. I then turn to the two major axes that I argue help to structure the conceptual field of sympathy as it develops from the late fourth and early third century BCE in learned medicine and philosophical psychology. I focus on the development of sympathy in the Stoics, the Epicureans, and Galen, while also considering the theorization of living beings in the Hippocratics, Plato, and Aristotle. The first axis moves from ‘part-to-part’ sympathy to ‘part-to-whole’ sympathy; the second from the sympathy of body and soul to a sympathy that encompasses all the parts of the living thing. Following these axes helps us identify, in turn, persistent questions about the material structure of the body that allows for the communication of affections between its parts but also its coordinated work as a living whole. It also focuses attention on what guarantees the unity of the whole over and above that structure. Through tracking sympathy as both the occurrence of co-affection between the parts of a living thing and the relationship enabling that occurrence, we can gain insight into the theorization of a living being as a dynamic and complex but unified whole in the centuries after Aristotle.

In: Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception
In: Aelius Aristides between Greece, Rome, and the Gods
In: Aelius Aristides between Greece, Rome, and the Gods
In: Aelius Aristides between Greece, Rome, and the Gods
Wealthy, conceited, hypochondriac (or perhaps just an invalid), obsessively religious, the orator Aelius Aristides (117 to about 180) is not the most attractive figure of his age, but because he is one of the best-known -- and he is intimately known, thanks to his Sacred Tales -- his works are a vital source for the cultural and religious and political history of Greece under the Roman Empire. The papers gathered here, the fruit of a conference held at Columbia in 2007, form the most intense study of Aristides and his context to have been published since the classic work of Charles Behr forty years ago.
In Memoriam: John Scarborough

Studies in Ancient Medicine considers the medical traditions of ancient civilizations. The Graeco-Roman traditions are the focus of the series, but Byzantine, Medieval and early Islamic medicine is also included, as is medicine in Egyptian, Near Eastern, Armenian and other related cultures.

The series is intended for readers with interests in Classics, Ancient History, Ancient Philosophy, Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, History of Medicine and Science, Intellectual History, Byzantium, Islam, as well as for those whose professional involvement in medical practice gives them an interest in the history and traditions of their field.

The series includes monographs, critical editions, translations and commentaries on medical texts and collective volumes on the theory and practice of public and private medicine in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, drawing on written sources and other historical and archaeological evidence. The series also contains annotated bibliographies of published works relevant to particular subfields and lexica of medical terms in the various ancient traditions.

The series published an average of two volumes per year over the last 5 years.


This article describes the proliferation of drifting fish aggregating devices (FADs) and analyses subsequent legal questions that arise for fisheries and marine litter management over who is responsible for FADs during their drifting stage. This follows recent concerns about unlicensed FADs drifting through closed areas. This article analyses a case study of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) in order to determine State obligations to manage drifting FADs. Analysis concludes that a drifting FAD in the WCPFC Area is ‘fishing’ from deployment to recovery, thereby creating obligations to monitor, control and report drifting FADs, consistent with broader obligations for coastal and flag States. The article recommends strengthening regional management in three ways: implement regional drifting FAD monitoring systems; control deployment of drifting FADs so as to promote recovery and minimize lost gear; and define appropriate responses for FADs that drift into national or closed waters without a license.

Open Access
In: The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law