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In: Sacred Tropes: Tanakh, New Testament, and Qur'an as Literature and Culture
In: Islamic Studies Today: Essays in Honor of Andrew Rippin
In: Islamic Studies Today: Essays in Honor of Andrew Rippin
In: Die Welt des Islams
In: Arabica
in Encyclopaedia of Islam Three Online
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A carnivorous domesticated mammal, the dog (kalb) is mentioned twice in the Qurʾān, once in a generic sense and once in reference to the dog of the Men of the Cave (q.v.). Islamic law considers the animal unclean (see purity and impurity ), and although this cannot be inferred from the qurʾānic references, it is evident in the exegetical literature (see exegesis of the qurʾān ). That dogs were not entirely shunned may be seen in q 5:4, which declares permissible eating that which has been killed by “beasts of prey trained as hounds.” It has been taken to mean any beasts (even birds) of prey, but the adjective “trained as hounds” (mukallabīnmukallabīn i, 545b ), is a derivation of kalb, indicating the importance of the hunting dog. However, the occasion for this revelation (see occasions of revelation ) is said to have been an order of the Prophet to kill all the dogs in Medina (q.v.), for the angel Gabriel (q.v.) would not enter a house in which there was a dog.

in Encyclopaedia of the Qur'ān Online