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In: Biblische Zeitschrift
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This article investigates the Septuagint and the Vulgate texts of Job 19:25–27 which have both been used as “proof texts” for the Christian doctrine of the resurrection of the dead. The respective Greek and Latin texts are thoroughly compared to the Hebrew MT, assuming that the proto-massoretic text was the supposed parent text of both versions. Some of the differences between the parent text and the translations can be explained by the fact that the unvocalized Hebrew text gave reason to “intelligent guesses”. Most original readings of the versions, however, can be shown to have resulted from theological interpretation. The Vulgate version, notably, seems to build not on the Hebrew text only but also on the Septuagint, in spite of Jerome’s commitment to the idea of Hebraica veritas and his normal practice to use a Hebrew parent text.

In: Biblische Zeitschrift
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The traditional rendering “grace” for חֵן is controversial. Frame semantics, a theory originating in cognitive linguistics, anticipates that prototypical situations are evoked in language users’ minds each time a word is used. Thus, a “frame” for “חֵן situations” is reconstructed from Biblical texts. Apart from the basic meaning “beauty” which is offered in dictionaries, too, an extended meaning is presented: חֵן designates “the settling of a (potential) conflict between two parties that only one party can bring to a conclusion.”

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In: Vetus Testamentum
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This article seeks to evaluate why the translators of the Septuagint often preferred literal to free renderings. After some general remarks on levels of literalness the author evaluates possible explanations for the literal renderings in the Septuagint. An alternative interpretation draws on the theories of the translation theorists Schleiermacher (1813) and Venuti (1995). It explains literalism as being rooted in the desire for conservation of the Jewish identity within the context of Hellenistic culture with the hebraicizing style serving as a means of resistance to Hellenism.

In: Vetus Testamentum

Für einen geistig behinderten Mann hat der gesetzliche Betreuer beim Vormundschaftsgericht einen Antrag auf Sterilisation gestellt, dem stattgegeben wurde. Ein solcher Fall ist aufgrund der eugenisch motivierten Gesetzgebung während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus nicht ohne Brisanz. Durch das seit 1992 in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland geltende Betreuungsgesetz sind die Indikationen für eine Sterilisation streng festgelegt. Dementsprechend ist die Anzahl der Sterilisationsanträge äußerst gering. Der Fall wird unter Berücksichtigung mehrerer ethischer Schulen diskutiert. Die hier vorgetragene ethische Bewertung stimmt im Ergebnis mit dem richterlichen Beschluss überein.

In: Zeitschrift für medizinische Ethik