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Catherine R. G. Jones and Marjan Jahanshahi

The motor and perceptual timing deficits documented in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) have heavily influenced the theory that the basal ganglia play an important role in temporal processing. This review is a systematic exploration of the findings from behavioural and neuroimaging studies of motor and perceptual timing in PD. In particular, we consider the influence of a variety of task factors and of patient heterogeneity in explaining the mixed results. We also consider the effect of basal ganglia dysfunction on the non-temporal cognitive factors that contribute to successful motor and perceptual timing. Although there is convincing evidence from PD that the basal ganglia are critical to motor and perceptual timing, further work is needed to characterize the precise contribution of this complex structure to temporal processing.