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In: Adab and Modernity
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Abstract

This communication questions the humanitarian dimension of the Catholic missionaries’ action in the Middle East (Syria, Palestine, Egypt) during the interwar period. It first draws a panorama of these actions by distinguishing perennial works (relief to poor children, orphans, the sick, prostitutes, domestic workers) and more punctual actions during major crises that shook the region (massacres of 1860 in Mount Lebanon and Damascus, massacres and genocide of Armenians). It will then question the financing of these actions that was not only European, but largely local, Christian but also Muslim. It questions the transformations of these relief actions. Crises and conflicts of the twentieth century, the assertion of the States, the relative decline of the number of Christians, the transformations of the missions have accelerated the changes of these forms of charitable action which are now similar, at least in part, to that of NGO s.

Open Access
In: Christian Missions and Humanitarianism in The Middle East, 1850-1950
Author:

Abstract

This communication questions the humanitarian dimension of the Catholic missionaries’ action in the Middle East (Syria, Palestine, Egypt) during the interwar period. It first draws a panorama of these actions by distinguishing perennial works (relief to poor children, orphans, the sick, prostitutes, domestic workers) and more punctual actions during major crises that shook the region (massacres of 1860 in Mount Lebanon and Damascus, massacres and genocide of Armenians). It will then question the financing of these actions that was not only European, but largely local, Christian but also Muslim. It questions the transformations of these relief actions. Crises and conflicts of the twentieth century, the assertion of the States, the relative decline of the number of Christians, the transformations of the missions have accelerated the changes of these forms of charitable action which are now similar, at least in part, to that of NGO s.

Open Access
In: Christian Missions and Humanitarianism in The Middle East, 1850-1950
Author:

Résumé

Cet article se propose de considérer les institutions scolaires missionnaires comme un lieu où se forgent des masculinités. Il présente l’ idéal masculin que mettent en avant les missionnaires jésuites de la mission de Syrie à la fin du XIX e siècle et au début du XX e. Cet homme, qui appartient à une élite sociale, est avant tout un catholique soumis aux autorités religieuses, prêt à mourir pour sa foi et à lutter pour défendre sa patrie. Il est éduqué dans un entre soi masculin et intériorise une véritable ségrégation de l’ espace en fonction du sexe. Cette vision de la masculinité diffère d’ autres modèles en vogue à l’ époque, ce qui illustre aussi la diversité des modèles qui pouvaient alors circuler au Moyen-Orient.

In: Social Sciences and Missions
In: New Faith in Ancient Lands