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Chie Kojima


This paper examines the potential of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) as a living instrument, which is capable of safeguarding human rights in relation to the protection of coastal ecosystems from land-based marine pollution. It discusses how general obligations of States to prevent, reduce and control land-based marine pollution can be linked with rights to life, health and food. It proposes that a human rights perspective may reinforce UNCLOS obligations on the prevention, reduction and control of land-based marine pollution, which are often criticized as vague and aspirational.