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Name derived from the Arabic al-yamanyaman v, 561b , which indicates the south of the Arabian peninsula. Etymologically, al-yaman means “the south” and is the opposite of al-shāmshām v, 561b , “the north” (see syria ). These two words are themselves derived from Arabic terms for right and left. Before Islam there is no evidence of the proper name Yaman in the sources, whether they are internal (the inscriptions of south Arabia) or external, to indicate the country. They refer to the Ḥimyarīs, the tribe which ruled south Arabia from the end of the third century c.e. In the list of titles of the fourth, fifth and sixth century Ḥimyarī kings, however, south Arabian inscriptions mention a region called Ymnt (apparently the Ḥaḍramawt south), a name which certainly derives from the ḥimyarite substantive ymnt, “south” (as opposed to s2ʾmt “north”; for the precise location of place names and ethnic groups, see Robin and Brunner, Map of ancient Yemen).

in Encyclopaedia of the Qur'ān Online

The religious history of south Arabia is divided into two periods of unequal length: polytheistic from its beginnings (eighth century b.c.e.) until around 380 c.e. (see polytheism and atheism ), then monotheistic thereafter. Only the first is dealt with here; for the second,   see yemen; jews and judaism; christians and christianity. (For other aspects of pre-Islamic religious traditions of which the Qurʾān evinces knowledge, see e.g. abyssinia; magians; mecca; medina; najrān; sabians; sheba; soothsayer; syria.)

in Encyclopaedia of the Qur'ān Online

Substantive (or proper name) found in the qurʾānic expression aṣḥāb al-ukhdūd (q 85:4):

in Encyclopaedia of the Qur'ān Online
In: La raison des signes
In: Arabica