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Volume Editors: Chungmin Lee and Jinho Park
Evidentials and Modals offers an in-depth account of the meaning of grammatical elements representing evidentiality in connection to modality, focusing on theoretical/formal perspectives by eminent pioneers in the field and on recently discovered phenomena in Korean evidential markers by native scholars in particular. Evidentiality became a hot topic in semantics and pragmatics, trying to see what kind of evidential justification is provided by evidentials to support or be related to the ‘at-issue’ prejacent propositions. This book aims to provide a deeper understanding of such evidentiality in discourse contexts in a broad range of languages such as American Indian, Korean and Japanese, Turkish and African languages over the world. In addition, an introduction to the concept of evidentiality and theoretical perspectives and recent issues is also provided.
In: Evidentials and Modals
In: Evidentials and Modals
In: Evidentials and Modals
In: Evidentials and Modals
Author: Chungmin Lee

Abstract

This paper is concerned with types of evidentials, their interactions with tense-temporal modifiers and modals, and perspective shiftability in evidentials, epistemic modals, and psychological (experiencer) predicates in Korean, Tibetan, and English (and in Japanese where relevant). The evidence acquisition time denoted by -te is prior to speech time. The marker -te can be either direct or inferential with null tense, and quasi-inferential if result-based with PAST-marking. A novel explanation in terms of the relations between the witnessing and the witnessed situations by Kalsang et al (2013) seems simple and promising. Shiftability may be universal, as McCready (2010) claims, and how and why will be addressed. Expressions of sensory, evidential and epistemological meanings require perspective shift to the hearer=speaker-to-be in questions, but expressions of indexical nature including honorifics typically do not show shiftability (i.e. monsters are rare). Conjectural questions are typically self-addressed by the speaker.

In: Evidentials and Modals